1NWK

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF MONOMERIC ACTIN IN THE ATP STATE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of monomeric actin in the ATP state. Structural basis of nucleotide-dependent actin dynamics.

Graceffa, P.Dominguez, R.

(2003) J.Biol.Chem. 278: 34172-34180

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M303689200

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A nucleotide-dependent conformational change regulates actin filament dynamics. Yet, the structural basis of this mechanism remains controversial. The x-ray crystal structure of tetramethylrhodamine-5-maleimide-actin with bound AMPPNP, a non-hydrolyz ...

    A nucleotide-dependent conformational change regulates actin filament dynamics. Yet, the structural basis of this mechanism remains controversial. The x-ray crystal structure of tetramethylrhodamine-5-maleimide-actin with bound AMPPNP, a non-hydrolyzable ATP analog, was determined to 1.85-A resolution. A comparison of this structure to that of tetramethylrhodamine-5-maleimide-actin with bound ADP, determined previously under similar conditions, reveals how the release of the nucleotide gamma-phosphate sets in motion a sequence of events leading to a conformational change in subdomain 2. The side chain of Ser-14 in the catalytic site rotates upon Pi release, triggering the rearrangement of the loop containing the methylated His-73, referred to as the sensor loop. This in turn causes a transition in the DNase I-binding loop in subdomain 2 from a disordered loop in ATP-actin to an ordered alpha-helix in ADP-actin. Despite this conformational change, the nucleotide cleft remains closed in ADP-actin, similar to ATP-actin. An analysis of the existing structures of members of the actin superfamily suggests that the cleft is open in the nucleotide-free state.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Boston Biomedical Research Institute, Watertown, Massachusetts 02472, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Actin, alpha skeletal muscle
A
375Oryctolagus cuniculusGene Names: ACTA1 (ACTA)
Find proteins for P68135 (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Go to Gene View: ACTA1
Go to UniProtKB:  P68135
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ANP
Query on ANP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PHOSPHOAMINOPHOSPHONIC ACID-ADENYLATE ESTER
C10 H17 N6 O12 P3
PVKSNHVPLWYQGJ-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
RHO
Query on RHO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
TETRAMETHYLRHODAMINE-5-MALEIMIDE
TMR
C28 H25 N3 O5
KGFLZYXDJDOIEE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
HIC
Query on HIC
A
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC7 H11 N3 O2HIS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.226 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 112.216α = 90.00
b = 37.368β = 108.13
c = 85.027γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-10-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-01-31
    Type: Experimental preparation