1NT9

Complete 12-subunit RNA polymerase II


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.2 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Architecture of initiation-competent 12-subunit RNA polymerase II

Armache, K.-J.Kettenberger, H.Cramer, P.

(2003) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 100: 6964-6968

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1030608100

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • RNA polymerase (Pol) II consists of a 10-polypeptide catalytic core and the two-subunit Rpb4/7 complex that is required for transcription initiation. Previous structures of the Pol II core revealed a "clamp," which binds the DNA template strand via t ...

    RNA polymerase (Pol) II consists of a 10-polypeptide catalytic core and the two-subunit Rpb4/7 complex that is required for transcription initiation. Previous structures of the Pol II core revealed a "clamp," which binds the DNA template strand via three "switch regions," and a flexible "linker" to the C-terminal repeat domain (CTD). Here we derived a model of the complete Pol II by fitting structures of the core and Rpb4/7 to a 4.2-A crystallographic electron density map. Rpb4/7 protrudes from the polymerase "upstream face," on which initiation factors assemble for promoter DNA loading. Rpb7 forms a wedge between the clamp and the linker, restricting the clamp to a closed position. The wedge allosterically prevents entry of the promoter DNA duplex into the active center cleft and induces in two switch regions a conformation poised for template-strand binding. Interaction of Rpb4/7 with the linker explains Rpb4-mediated recruitment of the CTD phosphatase to the CTD during Pol II recycling. The core-Rpb7 interaction and some functions of Rpb4/7 are apparently conserved in all eukaryotic and archaeal RNA polymerases but not in the bacterial enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute of Biochemistry and Gene Center, University of Munich, Feodor-Lynen-Strasse 25, 81377 Munich, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II LARGEST SUBUNIT
A
1733Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPO21 (RPB1, RPB220, SUA8)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P04050 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P04050
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed polymerase II SECOND LARGEST SUBUNIT
B
1224Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB2 (RPB150, RPO22)
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for P08518 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P08518
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II 45 kDa polypeptide
C
318Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB3
Find proteins for P16370 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P16370
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
YEAST DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II 32 KD POLYPEPTIDE
D
221Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB4
Find proteins for P20433 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20433
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III 27 kDa polypeptide
E
215Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB5 (RPA7, RPC9)
Find proteins for P20434 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20434
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III 23 kDa polypeptide
F
155Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPO26 (RPB6)
Find proteins for P20435 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20435
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II 19 KD POLYPEPTIDE
G
171Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB7
Find proteins for P34087 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P34087
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASES I, II, AND III 14.5 KD POLYPEPTIDE
H
146Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB8
Find proteins for P20436 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P20436
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II 14.2 kDa polypeptide
I
122Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB9
Find proteins for P27999 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P27999
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III 8.3 kDa polypeptide
J
70Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB10
Find proteins for P22139 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P22139
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-DIRECTED RNA POLYMERASE II 13.6 KD POLYPEPTIDE
K
120Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPB11
Find proteins for P38902 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P38902
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerases I, II, and III 7.7 kDa polypeptide
L
70Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: RPC10 (RPB12)
Find proteins for P40422 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P40422
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 4.2 Å
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 220.400α = 90.00
b = 391.400β = 90.00
c = 282.200γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
Omodel building
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-04-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance