The structure of nitric oxide synthase oxygenase domain and inhibitor complexes.Crane, B.R., Arvai, A.S., Gachhui, R., Wu, C., Ghosh, D.K., Getzoff, E.D., Stuehr, D.J., Tainer, J.A.
(1997) Science 278: 425-431
- PubMed: 9334294
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1NOC, 2NOS
- Also Cited By: 1DWV, 1DWW, 1DWX, 1QOM, 2ORQ, 2ORR, 2ORS, 2ORT
- PubMed Abstract:
- Characterization of the Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Oxygenase Domain Identifies a 49 Amino Acid Segment Required for Subunit Dimerization and Tetrahydrobiopterin Interaction
Ghosh, D.K.,Wu, C.,Pitters, E.,Moloney, M.,Werner, E.R.,Mayer, B.,Stuehr, D.J.
(1997) Biochemistry 36: 10609
The nitric oxide synthase oxygenase domain (NOSox) oxidizes arginine to synthesize the cellular signal and defensive cytotoxin nitric oxide (NO). Crystal structures determined for cytokine-inducible NOSox reveal an unusual fold and heme environment f ...
The nitric oxide synthase oxygenase domain (NOSox) oxidizes arginine to synthesize the cellular signal and defensive cytotoxin nitric oxide (NO). Crystal structures determined for cytokine-inducible NOSox reveal an unusual fold and heme environment for stabilization of activated oxygen intermediates key for catalysis. A winged beta sheet engenders a curved alpha-beta domain resembling a baseball catcher's mitt with heme clasped in the palm. The location of exposed hydrophobic residues and the results of mutational analysis place the dimer interface adjacent to the heme-binding pocket. Juxtaposed hydrophobic O2- and polar L-arginine-binding sites occupied by imidazole and aminoguanidine, respectively, provide a template for designing dual-function inhibitors and imply substrate-assisted catalysis.
Department of Molecular Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.