1NHO

Structural and Functional characterization of a Thioredoxin-like Protein from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with acceptable covalent geometry 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural and Functional Characterization of a Thioredoxin-like Protein (Mt0807) from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum

Amegbey, G.Y.Monzavi, H.Habibi-Nazhad, B.Bhattacharyya, S.Wishart, D.S.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 8001-8010

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi030021g

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Mt0807 is an 85-residue thiol-redox protein from the anaerobic archaebacterium Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Its small size, its participation in certain redox reactions, and the presence of a "classic" glutareodoxin active-site sequence have ...

    Mt0807 is an 85-residue thiol-redox protein from the anaerobic archaebacterium Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Its small size, its participation in certain redox reactions, and the presence of a "classic" glutareodoxin active-site sequence have led to the suggestion that it might be a glutaredoxin. However, studies by previous workers indicated that it exhibited neither glutaredoxin-like nor thioredoxin-like properties. To clarify the true role of this protein and its structure/functional relationship with a paralogous thioredoxin (Mt0895, 28% sequence identity) and a recently characterized orthologous protein (Mj0307, 51% sequence identity), we undertook a series of biochemical and biophysical studies. Comparative enzymatic assays and thiol titration experiments were combined with NMR structural studies and detailed 3D structure comparisons. Structurally, our results show that Mt0807 has a glutaredoxin-like fold (central four-stranded beta-sheet core surrounded by two helices on one side and a third on the other). However, more detailed comparisons with other members of the thioredoxin superfamily indicate that Mt0807 actually has several key structural and active-site characteristics more common to a thioredoxin. Furthermore, biochemical tests show that Mt0807 actually behaves as true thioredoxin. Comparisons between Mt0807 and its paralogue, Mt0895, indicate these two archaebacterial thioredoxins share very similar folds, but exhibit very different activities and likely serve somewhat different roles. On the basis of its greater relative abundance and significantly stronger redox activity, we believe that Mt0807 is the primary thioredoxin for M. thermoautotrophicum, while Mt0895 plays a minor or supportive role. We also suggest that these two molecules (Mt0807 and Mt0895) may represent a group of ancient proteins that were ancestral to both thioredoxins and glutaredoxins.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada T6G 2N8.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Probable Thioredoxin
A
85Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus (strain ATCC 29096 / DSM 1053 / JCM 10044 / NBRC 100330 / Delta H)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for O26898 (Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus (strain ATCC 29096 / DSM 1053 / JCM 10044 / NBRC 100330 / Delta H))
Go to UniProtKB:  O26898
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 20 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with acceptable covalent geometry 
  • Olderado: 1NHO Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-08-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-29
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Source and taxonomy, Version format compliance