Potent, Small-Molecule Inhibitors of Human Mast Cell Tryptase. Antiasthmatic Action of a Dipeptide-Based Transition-State Analogue Containing a Benzothiazole Ketone.Costanzo, M.J., Yabut, S.C., Almond Jr., H.R., Andrade-Gordon, P., Corcoran, T.W., De Garavilla, L., Kauffman, J.A., Abraham, W.M., Recacha, R., Chattopadhyay, D., Maryanoff, B.E.
(2003) J.Med.Chem. 46: 3865-3876
- PubMed: 12930148
- DOI: 10.1021/jm030050p
- Also Cited By: 2ZA5
- PubMed Abstract:
Inhibitors of human mast cell tryptase (EC 18.104.22.168) have therapeutic potential for treating allergic or inflammatory disorders. We have investigated transition-state mimetics possessing a heterocycle-activated ketone group and identified in particu ...
Inhibitors of human mast cell tryptase (EC 22.214.171.124) have therapeutic potential for treating allergic or inflammatory disorders. We have investigated transition-state mimetics possessing a heterocycle-activated ketone group and identified in particular benzothiazole ketone (2S)-6 (RWJ-56423) as a potent, reversible, low-molecular-weight tryptase inhibitor with a K(i) value of 10 nM. A single-crystal X-ray analysis of the sulfate salt of (2S)-6 confirmed the stereochemistry. Analogues 12 and 15-17 are also potent tryptase inhibitors. Although RWJ-56423 potently inhibits trypsin (K(i) = 8.1 nM), it is selective vs other serine proteases, such as kallikrein, plasmin, and thrombin. We obtained an X-ray structure of (2S)-6 complexed with bovine trypsin (1.9-A resolution), which depicts inter alia a hemiketal involving Ser-189, and hydrogen bonds with His-57 and Gln-192. Aerosol administration of 6 (2R,2S; RWJ-58643) to allergic sheep effectively antagonized antigen-induced asthmatic responses, with 70-75% blockade of the early response and complete ablation of the late response and airway hyperresponsiveness.
Drug Discovery, Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, Spring House, Pennsylvania 19477-0776, USA.