1NBL

NMR Structure of Hellethionin D


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural Characterization of Hellethionins from Helleborus purpurascens

Milbradt, A.G.Kerek, F.Moroder, L.Renner, C.

(2003) Biochemistry 42: 2404-2411

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi020628h

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Thionins are relatively small-sized multiple-cystine peptides that are probably involved in the plant defense against pathogens. As such, these peptides constitute promising candidates for engineered plant resistance in the agricultural industry. Mor ...

    Thionins are relatively small-sized multiple-cystine peptides that are probably involved in the plant defense against pathogens. As such, these peptides constitute promising candidates for engineered plant resistance in the agricultural industry. More recently, thionins have been proposed as potential immunotoxins in tumor therapy. In the search for pharmacologically active natural products, a new family of thionins was recently discovered in the roots of Helleborus purpurascens that accordingly were termed hellethionins. The structural characterization by NMR of one representative member of this family, i.e., of hellethionin D, clearly reveals that thionins from different sources share a highly conserved overall fold. In fact, the well-defined 3D structure of hellethionin D is very similar to those reported so far for viscotoxins, purothionins, or crambin, although distinct differences could be detected in the C-terminal portion, especially for loop 36-39. These differences may derive from the unusual distribution of charged residues in the C-terminal half of the peptide sequence compared to other thionins and from the uncommon occurrence of four contiguous threonine residues in loop 36-39. As expected, reduction of the disulfide bonds in hellethionin D leads to complete unfolding, but upon oxidative refolding by air oxygen in the presence of glutathione the correct isomer is recovered in high yields, confirming the very robust fold of this class of bioactive cystine peptides.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsried, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Hellethionin D
A
46Helleborus purpurascensMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P60057 (Helleborus purpurascens)
Go to UniProtKB:  P60057
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 100 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 1NBL Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-03-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance