1N3L

Crystal structure of a human aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase cytokine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of a human aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase cytokine

Yang, X.-L.Skene, R.J.McRee, D.E.Schimmel, P.

(2002) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 99: 15369-15374

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.242611799

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases catalyze the first step of protein synthesis and establish the rules of the genetic code through aminoacylation reactions. Biological fragments of two human enzymes, tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) and tryptophanyl-t ...

    The 20 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases catalyze the first step of protein synthesis and establish the rules of the genetic code through aminoacylation reactions. Biological fragments of two human enzymes, tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) and tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase, connect protein synthesis to cell-signaling pathways including angiogenesis. Alternative splicing or proteolysis produces these fragments. The proangiogenic N-terminal fragment mini-TyrRS has IL-8-like cytokine activity that, like other CXC cytokines, depends on a Glu-Leu-Arg motif. Point mutations in this motif abolish cytokine activity. The full-length native TyrRS lacks cytokine activity. No structure has been available for any mammalian tRNA synthetase that, in turn, might give insight into why mini-TyrRS and not TyrRS has cytokine activities. Here, the structure of human mini-TyrRS, which contains both the catalytic and the anticodon recognition domain, is reported to a resolution of 1.18 A. The critical Glu-Leu-Arg motif is located on an internal alpha-helix of the catalytic domain, where the guanidino side chain of R is part of a hydrogen-bonding network tethering the anticodon-recognition domain back to the catalytic site. Whereas the catalytic domains of the human and bacterial enzymes superimpose, the spatial disposition of the anticodon recognition domain relative to the catalytic domain is unique in mini-TyrRS relative to the bacterial orthologs. This unique orientation of the anticodon-recognition domain can explain why the fragment mini-TyrRS, and not full-length native TyrRS, is active in cytokine-signaling pathways.


    Organizational Affiliation

    The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, BCC-379, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase
A
372Homo sapiensGene Names: YARS
EC: 6.1.1.1
Find proteins for P54577 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: YARS
Go to UniProtKB:  P54577
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.18 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.180 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 74.595α = 90.00
b = 162.392β = 90.00
c = 35.603γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
HKL-2000data collection
SHARPphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
SHELXL-97refinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-11-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance