1MZU

Crystal Structure of the Photoactive Yellow Protein Domain from the Sensor Histidine Kinase Ppr from Rhodospirillum centenum


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.245 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure of a Photoactive Yellow Protein from a Sensor Histidine Kinase: Conformational Variability and Signal Transduction

Rajagopal, S.Moffat, K.

(2003) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 100: 1649-1654

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0336353100

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Photoactive yellow protein (E-PYP) is a blue light photoreceptor, implicated in a negative phototactic response in Ectothiorhodospira halophila, that also serves as a model for the Per-Arnt-Sim superfamily of signaling molecules. Because no biologica ...

    Photoactive yellow protein (E-PYP) is a blue light photoreceptor, implicated in a negative phototactic response in Ectothiorhodospira halophila, that also serves as a model for the Per-Arnt-Sim superfamily of signaling molecules. Because no biological signaling partner for E-PYP has been identified, it has not been possible to correlate any of its photocycle intermediates with a relevant signaling state. However, the PYP domain (Ppr-PYP) from the sensor histidine kinase Ppr in Rhodospirillum centenum, which regulates the catalytic activity of Ppr by blue light absorption, may allow such issues to be addressed. Here we report the crystal structure of Ppr-PYP at 2 A resolution. This domain has the same absorption spectrum and similar photocycle kinetics as full length Ppr, but a blue-shifted absorbance and considerably slower photocycle than E-PYP. Although the overall fold of Ppr-PYP resembles that of E-PYP, a novel conformation of the beta 4-beta 5 loop results in inaccessibility of Met-100, thought to catalyze chromophore reisomerization, to the chromophore. This conformation also exposes a highly conserved molecular surface that could interact with downstream signaling partners. Other structural differences in the alpha 3-alpha 4 and beta 4-beta 5 loops are consistent with these regions playing significant roles in the control of photocycle dynamics and, by comparison to other sensory Per-Arnt-Sim domains, in signal transduction. Because of its direct linkage to a measurable biological output, Ppr-PYP serves as an excellent system for understanding how changes in photocycle dynamics affect signaling by PYPs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Chicago, 920 East 58th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PPR
A, B, C
129Rhodospirillum centenumGene Names: pph
Find proteins for Q9X2W8 (Rhodospirillum centenum)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9X2W8
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HC4
Query on HC4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
4'-HYDROXYCINNAMIC ACID
PARA-COUMARIC ACID
C9 H8 O3
NGSWKAQJJWESNS-ZZXKWVIFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.269 
  • R-Value Work: 0.245 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 34.560α = 90.00
b = 143.070β = 117.96
c = 36.450γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
CNSphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-02-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance