1MMV

Rat neuronal NOS heme domain with NG-propyl-L-arginine bound


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.225 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.225 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural characterization and kinetics of nitric-oxide synthase inhibition by novel N5-(iminoalkyl)- and N5-(iminoalkenyl)-ornithines

Bretscher, L.E.Li, H.Poulos, T.L.Griffith, O.W.

(2003) J Biol Chem 278: 46789-46797

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M306787200
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Isoform-specific nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors may prove clinically useful in reducing the pathophysiological effects associated with increased neuronal NOS (nNOS) or inducible NOS (iNOS) activity in a variety of neurological and inflammator ...

    Isoform-specific nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors may prove clinically useful in reducing the pathophysiological effects associated with increased neuronal NOS (nNOS) or inducible NOS (iNOS) activity in a variety of neurological and inflammatory disorders. Analogs of the NOS substrate L-arginine are pharmacologically attractive inhibitors because of their stability, reliable cell uptake, and good selectivity for NOS over other heme proteins. Some inhibitory arginine analogs show significant isoform selectivity although the structural or mechanistic basis of such selectivity is generally poorly understood. In the present studies, we determined by x-ray crystallography the binding interactions between rat nNOS and N5-(1-imino-3-butenyl)-L-ornithine (L-VNIO), a previously identified mechanism-based, irreversible inactivator with moderate nNOS selectivity. We have also synthesized and mechanistically characterized several L-VNIO analogs and find, surprisingly, that even relatively minor structural changes produce inhibitors that are either iNOS-selective or non-selective. Furthermore, derivatives having a methyl group added to the butenyl moiety of L-VNIO and L-VNIO derivatives that are analogs of homoarginine rather than arginine display slow-on, slow-off kinetics rather than irreversible inactivation. These results elucidate some of the structural requirements for isoform-selective inhibition by L-VNIO and its related alkyl- and alkenyl-imino ornithine and lysine derivatives and may provide information useful in the ongoing rational design of isoform-selective inhibitors.


    Related Citations: 
    • N5-(1-Imino-3-butenyl)-L-ornithine. A neuronal isoform selective mechanism-based inactivator of nitric oxide synthase
      Babu, B.R., Griffith, O.W.
      (1998) J Biol Chem 273: 8882

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
nitric-oxide synthase, brain
A, B
419Rattus norvegicusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Nos1Bnos
EC: 1.14.13.39
Find proteins for P29476 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P29476
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download CCD File 
A, B
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
H4B
Query on H4B

Download CCD File 
A, B
5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROBIOPTERIN
C9 H15 N5 O3
FNKQXYHWGSIFBK-RPDRRWSUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
3AR
Query on 3AR

Download CCD File 
A, B
N-OMEGA-PROPYL-L-ARGININE
C9 H21 N4 O2
AOMXURITGZJPKB-ZETCQYMHSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download CCD File 
A, B
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.256 
  • R-Value Work: 0.225 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.225 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 51.59α = 90
b = 110.36β = 90
c = 164.86γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-09-16
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance