1MLY

Crystal Structure of 7,8-Diaminopelargonic Acid Synthase in complex with the cis isomer of amiclenomycin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.81 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for the inhibition of the biosynthesis of biotin by the antibiotic amiclenomycin

Sandmark, J.Mann, S.Marquet, A.Schneider, G.

(2002) J Biol Chem 277: 43352-43358

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M207239200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1MLZ, 1MLY

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The antibiotic amiclenomycin blocks the biosynthesis of biotin by inhibiting the pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent enzyme diaminopelargonic acid synthase. Inactivation of the enzyme is stereoselective, i.e. the cis isomer of amiclenomycin is a potent inh ...

    The antibiotic amiclenomycin blocks the biosynthesis of biotin by inhibiting the pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent enzyme diaminopelargonic acid synthase. Inactivation of the enzyme is stereoselective, i.e. the cis isomer of amiclenomycin is a potent inhibitor, whereas the trans isomer is much less reactive. The crystal structure of the complex of the holoenzyme and amiclenomycin at 1.8 A resolution reveals that the internal aldimine linkage between the cofactor and the side chain of the catalytic residue Lys-274 is broken. Instead, a covalent bond is formed between the 4-amino nitrogen of amiclenomycin and the C4' carbon atom of pyridoxal-phosphate. The electron density for the bound inhibitor suggests that aromatization of the cyclohexadiene ring has occurred upon formation of the covalent adduct. This process could be initiated by proton abstraction at the C4 carbon atom of the cyclohexadiene ring, possibly by the proximal side chain of Lys-274, leading to the tautomer Schiff base followed by the removal of the second allylic hydrogen. The carboxyl tail of the amiclenomycin moiety forms a salt link to the conserved residue Arg-391 in the substrate-binding site. Modeling suggests steric hindrance at the active site as the determinant of the weak inhibiting potency of the trans isomer.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
7,8-diamino-pelargonic acid aminotransferaseAB429Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: bioA
EC: 2.6.1.62
Find proteins for P12995 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P12995 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12995
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PLP
Query on PLP

Download CCD File 
A, B
PYRIDOXAL-5'-PHOSPHATE
C8 H10 N O6 P
NGVDGCNFYWLIFO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACZ
Query on ACZ

Download CCD File 
A, B
CIS-AMICLENOMYCIN
C10 H16 N2 O2
LAJWZJCOWPUSOA-SMOXQLQSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NA
Query on NA

Download CCD File 
A, B
SODIUM ION
Na
FKNQFGJONOIPTF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.81 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.196 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 128.655α = 90
b = 56.073β = 109.86
c = 116.174γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
CCP4data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-12-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-03-07
    Changes: Advisory, Data collection