The co-crystal structure of unliganded bovine alpha-thrombin and prethrombin-2: movement of the Tyr-Pro-Pro-Trp segment and active site residues upon ligand binding.Malkowski, M.G., Martin, P.D., Guzik, J.C., Edwards, B.F.
(1997) Protein Sci 6: 1438-1448
- PubMed: 9232645
- DOI: 10.1002/pro.5560060708
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Bovine Thrombin Complexed with an Uncleavable Analog of Residues 7-19 of Fibrinogen a Alpha: Geometry of the Catalytic Triad and Interactions of the P1', P2', and P3' Substrate Residues
Martin, P.D., Malkowski, M.G., Dimaio, J., Konishi, Y., Ni, F., Edwards, B.F.
(1996) Biochemistry 35: 13030
- The Isomorphous Structures of Prethrombin2, Hirugen-, and Ppack-Thrombin: Changes Accompanying Activation and Exosite Binding to Thrombin
Vijayalakshmi, J., Padmanabhan, K.P., Mann, K.G., Tulinsky, A.
(1994) Protein Sci 3: 2254
Unliganded bovine alpha-thrombin and prethrombin-2 have been co-crystallized, in space group P21212, using either ammonium sulfate or polyethylene glycol 2000 (PEG2K), and their structures determined at 2.2 A and 2.3 A, respectively. Initial phases w ...
Unliganded bovine alpha-thrombin and prethrombin-2 have been co-crystallized, in space group P21212, using either ammonium sulfate or polyethylene glycol 2000 (PEG2K), and their structures determined at 2.2 A and 2.3 A, respectively. Initial phases were determined by molecular replacement and refined using XPLOR to final R factors of 0.187 (Rfree = 0.255) and 0.190 (Rfree = 0.282) for the salt and PEG2K models, respectively. The apo-enzyme form of bovine alpha-thrombin shows dramatic shifts in placement for the Tyr-Pro-Pro-Trp segment, for Glu-192, and for the catalytic residues His-57 and Ser-195, when compared to 4 thrombin complexes representing different states of catalysis, namely (1) the Michaelis complex (residues 7-19 of fibrinogen A alpha with a non-cleavable scissile bond), (2) enzyme-inhibitor complex (D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethylketone), (3) enzyme product complex (residues 7-16 of fibrinopeptide A), and (4) the exosite complex (residues 53-64 of hirudin). The structures of bovine and human prethrombin-2 are generally similar to one another (RMS deviation of 0.68 A) but differ significantly in the Arg-15/Ile-16 cleavage region and in the three activation domains, which are disordered in bovine prethrombin-2, analogous to that seen for trypsinogen.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.