1MKX

THE CO-CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF UNLIGANDED BOVINE ALPHA-THROMBIN AND PRETHROMBIN-2: MOVEMENT OF THE YPPW SEGMENT AND ACTIVE SITE RESIDUES UPON LIGAND BINDING


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.187 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

The co-crystal structure of unliganded bovine alpha-thrombin and prethrombin-2: movement of the Tyr-Pro-Pro-Trp segment and active site residues upon ligand binding.

Malkowski, M.G.Martin, P.D.Guzik, J.C.Edwards, B.F.

(1997) Protein Sci 6: 1438-1448

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.5560060708
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1MKX, 1MKW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Unliganded bovine alpha-thrombin and prethrombin-2 have been co-crystallized, in space group P21212, using either ammonium sulfate or polyethylene glycol 2000 (PEG2K), and their structures determined at 2.2 A and 2.3 A, respectively. Initial phases w ...

    Unliganded bovine alpha-thrombin and prethrombin-2 have been co-crystallized, in space group P21212, using either ammonium sulfate or polyethylene glycol 2000 (PEG2K), and their structures determined at 2.2 A and 2.3 A, respectively. Initial phases were determined by molecular replacement and refined using XPLOR to final R factors of 0.187 (Rfree = 0.255) and 0.190 (Rfree = 0.282) for the salt and PEG2K models, respectively. The apo-enzyme form of bovine alpha-thrombin shows dramatic shifts in placement for the Tyr-Pro-Pro-Trp segment, for Glu-192, and for the catalytic residues His-57 and Ser-195, when compared to 4 thrombin complexes representing different states of catalysis, namely (1) the Michaelis complex (residues 7-19 of fibrinogen A alpha with a non-cleavable scissile bond), (2) enzyme-inhibitor complex (D-Phe-Pro-Arg chloromethylketone), (3) enzyme product complex (residues 7-16 of fibrinopeptide A), and (4) the exosite complex (residues 53-64 of hirudin). The structures of bovine and human prethrombin-2 are generally similar to one another (RMS deviation of 0.68 A) but differ significantly in the Arg-15/Ile-16 cleavage region and in the three activation domains, which are disordered in bovine prethrombin-2, analogous to that seen for trypsinogen.


    Related Citations: 
    • Bovine Thrombin Complexed with an Uncleavable Analog of Residues 7-19 of Fibrinogen a Alpha: Geometry of the Catalytic Triad and Interactions of the P1', P2', and P3' Substrate Residues
      Martin, P.D., Malkowski, M.G., Dimaio, J., Konishi, Y., Ni, F., Edwards, B.F.
      (1996) Biochemistry 35: 13030
    • The Isomorphous Structures of Prethrombin2, Hirugen-, and Ppack-Thrombin: Changes Accompanying Activation and Exosite Binding to Thrombin
      Vijayalakshmi, J., Padmanabhan, K.P., Mann, K.G., Tulinsky, A.
      (1994) Protein Sci 3: 2254

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-THROMBINL49Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00735 (Bos taurus)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P00735
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-THROMBINH259Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00735 (Bos taurus)
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Go to UniProtKB:  P00735
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PRETHROMBIN-2K308Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00735 (Bos taurus)
Explore P00735 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00735
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.255 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.187 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 87.52α = 90
b = 87.99β = 90
c = 101.65γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XENGENdata collection
XENGENdata reduction
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
XENGENdata scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1997-07-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance