1MKC

C-TERMINAL DOMAIN OF MIDKINE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Solution structure of midkine, a new heparin-binding growth factor.

Iwasaki, W.Nagata, K.Hatanaka, H.Inui, T.Kimura, T.Muramatsu, T.Yoshida, K.Tasumi, M.Inagaki, F.

(1997) EMBO J 16: 6936-6946

  • DOI: 10.1093/emboj/16.23.6936
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1MKC, 1MKN

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Midkine (MK) is a 13 kDa heparin-binding polypeptide which enhances neurite outgrowth, neuronal cell survival and plasminogen activator activity. MK is structurally divided into two domains, and most of the biological activities are located on the C-terminal domain ...

    Midkine (MK) is a 13 kDa heparin-binding polypeptide which enhances neurite outgrowth, neuronal cell survival and plasminogen activator activity. MK is structurally divided into two domains, and most of the biological activities are located on the C-terminal domain. The solution structures of the two domains were determined by NMR. Both domains consist of three antiparallel beta-strands, but the C-terminal domain has a long flexible hairpin loop where a heparin-binding consensus sequence is located. Basic residues on the beta-sheet of the C-terminal domain form another heparin-binding site. Measurement of NMR signals in the presence of a heparin oligosaccharides verified that multiple amino acids in the two sites participated in heparin binding. The MK dimer has been shown to be the active form, giving signals to endothelial cells and probably to neuronal cells. We present a head-to-head dimer model of MK. The model was supported by the results of cross-linking experiments using transglutaminase. The dimer has a fused heparin-binding site at the dimer interface of the C-terminal domain, and the heparin-binding sites on MK fit the sulfate group clusters on heparin. These features are consistent with the proposed stronger heparin-binding activity and biological activity of the dimer.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, 3-18-22, Honkomagome, Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 113.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (MIDKINE)A43N/AMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P21741 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P21741 
Go to UniProtKB:  P21741
PHAROS:  P21741
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • OLDERADO: 1MKC Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1999-03-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance