1MD4

A folding mutant of human class pi glutathione transferase, created by mutating glycine 146 of the wild-type protein to valine


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Contribution of Glycine 146 to a Conserved Folding Module Affecting Stability and Refolding of Human Glutathione Transferase P1-1

Kong, G.K.-W.Polekhina, G.McKinstry, W.J.Parker, M.W.Dragani, B.Aceto, A.Paludi, D.Principe, D.R.Mannervik, B.Stenberg, G.

(2003) J Biol Chem 278: 1291-1302

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M209581200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1MD4, 1MD3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In human glutathione transferase P1-1 (hGSTP1-1) position 146 is occupied by a glycine residue, which is located in a bend of a long loop that together with the alpha6-helix forms a substructure (GST motif II) maintained in all soluble GSTs. In the present study G146A and G146V mutants were generated by site-directed mutagenesis in order to investigate the function played by this conserved residue in folding and stability of hGSTP1-1 ...

    In human glutathione transferase P1-1 (hGSTP1-1) position 146 is occupied by a glycine residue, which is located in a bend of a long loop that together with the alpha6-helix forms a substructure (GST motif II) maintained in all soluble GSTs. In the present study G146A and G146V mutants were generated by site-directed mutagenesis in order to investigate the function played by this conserved residue in folding and stability of hGSTP1-1. Crystallographic analysis of the G146V variant, expressed at the permissive temperature of 25 degrees C, indicates that the mutation causes a substantial change of the backbone conformation because of steric hindrance. Stability measurements indicate that this mutant is inactivated at a temperature as low as 32 degrees C. The structure of the G146A mutant is identical to that of the wild type with the mutated residue having main-chain bond angles in a high energy region of the Ramachandran plot. However even this Gly --> Ala substitution inactivates the enzyme at 37 degrees C. Thermodynamic analysis of all variants confirms, together with previous findings, the critical role played by GST motif II for overall protein stability. Analysis of reactivation in vitro indicates that any mutation of Gly-146 alters the folding pathway by favoring aggregation at 37 degrees C. It is hypothesized that the GST motif II is involved in the nucleation mechanism of the protein and that the substitution of Gly-146 alters this transient substructure. Gly-146 is part of the buried local sequence GXXh(T/S)XXDh (X is any residue and h is a hydrophobic residue), conserved in all GSTs and related proteins that seems to behave as a characteristic structural module important for protein folding and stability.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biota Structural Biology Laboratory, St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research, Fitzroy, Victoria 3065, Australia.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
pi glutathione transferaseA, B209Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: GSTP1FAEES3GST3
EC: 2.5.1.18
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P09211 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09211 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09211
PHAROS:  P09211
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GSH
Query on GSH

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], F [auth B]GLUTATHIONE
C10 H17 N3 O6 S
RWSXRVCMGQZWBV-WDSKDSINSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MES
Query on MES

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], E [auth B]2-(N-MORPHOLINO)-ETHANESULFONIC ACID
C6 H13 N O4 S
SXGZJKUKBWWHRA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.207 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.207 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 77.27α = 90
b = 89.44β = 98.07
c = 68.92γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-08-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance