1MCY

SPERM WHALE MYOGLOBIN (MUTANT WITH INITIATOR MET AND WITH HIS 64 REPLACED BY GLN, LEU 29 REPLACED BY PHE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

A double mutant of sperm whale myoglobin mimics the structure and function of elephant myoglobin.

Zhao, X.Vyas, K.Nguyen, B.D.Rajarathnam, K.La Mar, G.N.Li, T.Phillips, G.N.Eich, R.F.Olson, J.S.Ling, J.

(1995) J.Biol.Chem. 270: 20763-20774

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.270.35.20763

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The functional, spectral, and structural properties of elephant myoglobin and the L29F/H64Q mutant of sperm whale myoglobin have been compared in detail by conventional kinetic techniques, infrared and resonance Raman spectroscopy, 1H NMR, and x-ray ...

    The functional, spectral, and structural properties of elephant myoglobin and the L29F/H64Q mutant of sperm whale myoglobin have been compared in detail by conventional kinetic techniques, infrared and resonance Raman spectroscopy, 1H NMR, and x-ray crystallography. There is a striking correspondence between the properties of the naturally occurring elephant protein and those of the sperm whale double mutant, both of which are quite distinct from those of native sperm whale myoglobin and the single H64Q mutant. These results and the recent crystal structure determination by Bisig et al. (Bisig, D. A., Di Iorio, E. E., Diederichs, K., Winterhalter, K. H., and Piontek, K. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 20754-20762) confirm that a Phe residue is present at position 29 (B10) in elephant myoglobin, and not a Leu residue as is reported in the published amino acid sequence. The single Gln64(E7) substitution lowers oxygen affinity approximately 5-fold and increases the rate of autooxidation 3-fold. These unfavorable effects are reversed by the Phe29(B10) replacement in both elephant myoglobin and the sperm whale double mutant. The latter, genetically engineered protein was originally constructed to be a blood substitute prototype with moderately low O2 affinity, large rate constants, and increased resistance to autooxidation. Thus, the same distal pocket combination that we designed rationally on the basis of proposed mechanisms for ligand binding and autooxidation is also found in nature.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, University of California, Davis 95616, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
MYOGLOBIN (CARBONMONOXY)
A
154Physeter macrocephalusMutation(s): 2 
Gene Names: MB
Find proteins for P02185 (Physeter macrocephalus)
Go to Gene View: MB
Go to UniProtKB:  P02185
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
CMO
Query on CMO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CARBON MONOXIDE
C O
UGFAIRIUMAVXCW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.182 
  • Space Group: P 6
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 91.390α = 90.00
b = 91.390β = 90.00
c = 45.870γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
RIGAKUdata reduction
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1995-12-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2012-02-22
    Type: Database references