Crystal structure of earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme component a: revealing the structural determinants of its dual fibrinolytic activity.Tang, Y., Liang, D., Jiang, T., Zhang, J., Gui, L., Chang, W.
(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 321: 57-68
- PubMed: 12139933
- PubMed Abstract:
- Crystallization and Preliminary X-ray Analysis of Earthworm Fibrinolytic Enzyme Component A from Eisenia fetida
Tang, Y.,Zhang, J.,Gui, L.,Wu, C.,Fan, R.,Chang, W.,Liang, D.
(2000) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 56: 1659
- Pancreatic Elastase
Hartley, B.S.,Shotton, D.M.
(1971) ENZYMES 3RD ED. --: 323
Earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme component A (EFEa) from Eisenia fetida is a strong fibrinolytic enzyme that not only directly degrades fibrin, but also activates plasminogen. Proteolytic assays further revealed that it cleaved behind various P1 residue ...
Earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme component A (EFEa) from Eisenia fetida is a strong fibrinolytic enzyme that not only directly degrades fibrin, but also activates plasminogen. Proteolytic assays further revealed that it cleaved behind various P1 residue types. The crystal structure of EFEa was determined using the MIR method and refined to 2.3A resolution. The enzyme, showing the overall polypeptide fold of chymotrypsin-like serine proteases, possesses essential S1 specificity determinants characteristic of elastase. However, the beta strand at the west rim of the S1 specificity pocket is significantly elongated by a unique four-residue insertion (Ser-Ser-Gly-Leu) after Val217, which not only provides additional substrate hydrogen binding sites for distal P residues, but also causes extension of the S1 pocket at the south rim. The S2 subsite of the enzyme was partially occluded by the bulky side-chain of residue Tyr99. Structure-based inhibitor modeling demonstrated that EFEa's S1 specificity pocket was preferable for elastase-specific small hydrophobic P1 residues, while its accommodation of long and/or bulky P1 residues was also feasible if enhanced binding of the substrate and induced fit of the S1 pocket were achieved. EFEa is thereby endowed with relatively broad substrate specificity, including the dual fibrinolysis. The presence of Tyr99 at the S2 subsite indicates a preference for P2-Gly, while an induced fit of Tyr99 was also suggested for accommodation of bigger P2 residues. This structure is the first reported for an earthworm fibrinolytic enzyme component and serine protease originating from annelid worms.
National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China.