1M8I

inducible nitric oxide synthase with 5-nitroindazole bound


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.238 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Conformational Changes in Nitric Oxide Synthases Induced by Chlorzoxazone and Nitroindazoles: Crystallographic and Computational Analyses of Inhibitor Potency

Rosenfeld, R.J.Garcin, E.D.Panda, K.Andersson, G.Aberg, A.Wallace, A.V.Morris, G.M.Olson, A.J.Stuehr, D.J.Tainer, J.A.Getzoff, E.D.

(2002) Biochemistry 41: 13915-13925

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi026313j
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1M8I, 1M8H, 1M8E, 1M8D, 1M9T, 1M9R, 1M9Q, 1M9M, 1M9K, 1M9J

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nitric oxide is a key signaling molecule in many biological processes, making regulation of nitric oxide levels highly desirable for human medicine and for advancing our understanding of basic physiology. Designing inhibitors to specifically target one of the three nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isozymes that form nitric oxide from the L-Arg substrate poses a significant challenge due to the overwhelmingly conserved active sites ...

    Nitric oxide is a key signaling molecule in many biological processes, making regulation of nitric oxide levels highly desirable for human medicine and for advancing our understanding of basic physiology. Designing inhibitors to specifically target one of the three nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isozymes that form nitric oxide from the L-Arg substrate poses a significant challenge due to the overwhelmingly conserved active sites. We report here 10 new X-ray crystallographic structures of inducible and endothelial NOS oxygenase domains cocrystallized with chlorzoxazone and four nitroindazoles: 5-nitroindazole, 6-nitroindazole, 7-nitroindazole, and 3-bromo-7-nitroindazole. Each of these bicyclic aromatic inhibitors has only one hydrogen bond donor and therefore cannot form the bidentate hydrogen bonds that the L-Arg substrate makes with Glu371. Instead, all of these inhibitors induce a conformational change in Glu371, creating an active site with altered molecular recognition properties. The cost of this conformational change is approximately 1-2 kcal, based on our measured constants for inhibitor binding to the wild-type and E371A mutant proteins. These inhibitors derive affinity by pi-stacking above the heme and replacing both intramolecular (Glu371-Met368) and intermolecular (substrate-Trp366) hydrogen bonds to the beta-sheet architecture underlying the active site. When bound to NOS, high-affinity inhibitors in this class are planar, whereas weaker inhibitors are nonplanar. Isozyme differences were observed in the pterin cofactor site, the heme propionate, and inhibitor positions. Computational docking predictions match the crystallographic results, including the Glu371 conformational change and inhibitor-binding orientations, and support a combined crystallographic and computational approach to isozyme-specific NOS inhibitor analysis and design.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of nitric oxide synthase oxygenase dimer with pterin and substrate
      Crane, B.R., Arvai, A.S., Ghosh, D.K., Wu, C., Getzoff, E.D., Stuehr, D.J., Tainer, J.A.
      (1998) Science 279: 2121

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology and Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, MB-4, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
inducible Nitric oxide synthaseA, B434Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Nos2Inosl
EC: 1.14.13.39
UniProt
Find proteins for P29477 (Mus musculus)
Explore P29477 
Go to UniProtKB:  P29477
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on HEM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], F [auth B]PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
H4B (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on H4B

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A], G [auth B]5,6,7,8-TETRAHYDROBIOPTERIN
C9 H15 N5 O3
FNKQXYHWGSIFBK-RPDRRWSUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
5NI (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on 5NI

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A], H [auth B]5-NITROINDAZOLE
C7 H5 N3 O2
WSGURAYTCUVDQL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.283 
  • R-Value Work: 0.238 
  • Space Group: P 61 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 213.962α = 90
b = 213.962β = 90
c = 114.524γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345data collection
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-08-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Derived calculations, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-11
    Changes: Refinement description