Crystal structures of the Dab homology domains of mouse disabled 1 and 2Yun, M., Keshvara, L., Park, C.-G., Zhang, Y.-M., Dickerson, J.B., Zheng, J., Rock, C.O., Curran, T., Park, H.-W.
(2003) J.Biol.Chem. 278: 36572-36581
- PubMed: 12826668
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M304384200
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1OQN, 1P3R
- PubMed Abstract:
Disabled (Dab) 1 and 2 are mammalian homologues of Drosophila DAB. Dab1 is a key cytoplasmic mediator in Reelin signaling that controls cell positioning in the developing central nervous system, whereas Dab2 is an adapter protein that plays a role in ...
Disabled (Dab) 1 and 2 are mammalian homologues of Drosophila DAB. Dab1 is a key cytoplasmic mediator in Reelin signaling that controls cell positioning in the developing central nervous system, whereas Dab2 is an adapter protein that plays a role in endocytosis. DAB family proteins possess an amino-terminal DAB homology (DH) domain that is similar to the phosphotyrosine binding/phosphotyrosine interaction (PTB/PI) domain. We have solved the structures of the DH domains of Dab2 (Dab2-DH) and Dab1 (Dab1-DH) in three different ligand forms, ligand-free Dab2-DH, the binary complex of Dab2-DH with the Asn-Pro-X-Tyr (NPXY) peptide of amyloid precursor protein (APP), and the ternary complex of Dab1-DH with the APP peptide and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins-1,4,5-P3, the head group of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-diphosphate (PtdIns-4,5-P2)). The similarity of these structures suggests that the rigid Dab DH domain maintains two independent pockets for binding of the APP/lipoprotein receptors and phosphoinositides. Mutagenesis confirmed the structural determinants specific for the NPXY sequence and PtdIns-4,5-P2 binding. NMR spectroscopy confirmed that the DH domain binds to Ins-1,4,5-P3 independent of the NPXY peptides. These findings suggest that simultaneous interaction of the rigid DH domain with the NPXY sequence and PtdIns-4,5-P2 plays a role in the attachment of Dab proteins to the APP/lipoprotein receptors and phosphoinositide-rich membranes.
Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee 38105-2794, USA.