1LX8

Regulation of directionality in bacteriophage lambda site-specific recombination: structure of the Xis protein


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Regulation of directionality in bacteriophage lambda site-specific recombination: structure of the Xis protein

Sam, M.D.Papagiannis, C.Connolly, K.M.Corselli, L.Iwahara, J.Lee, J.Phillips, M.Wojciak, J.M.Johnson, R.C.Clubb, R.T.

(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 324: 791-805


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Upon induction of a bacteriophage lambda lysogen, a site-specific recombination reaction excises the phage genome from the chromosome of its bacterial host. A critical regulator of this process is the phage-encoded excisionase (Xis) protein, which fu ...

    Upon induction of a bacteriophage lambda lysogen, a site-specific recombination reaction excises the phage genome from the chromosome of its bacterial host. A critical regulator of this process is the phage-encoded excisionase (Xis) protein, which functions both as a DNA architectural factor and by cooperatively recruiting integrase to an adjacent binding site specifically required for excision. Here we present the three-dimensional structure of Xis and the results of a structure-based mutagenesis study to define the molecular basis of its function. Xis adopts an unusual "winged"-helix motif that is modeled to interact with the major- and minor-grooves of its binding site through a single alpha-helix and loop structure ("wing"), respectively. The C-terminal tail of Xis, which is required for cooperative binding with integrase, is unstructured in the absence of DNA. We propose that asymmetric bending of DNA by Xis positions its unstructured C-terminal tail for direct contacts with the N-terminal DNA-binding domain of integrase and that an ensuing disordered to ordered transition of the tail may act to stabilize the formation of the tripartite integrase-Xis-DNA complex required for phage excision.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California-Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1570, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Excisionase
A
55Enterobacteria phage lambdaGene Names: xis
Find proteins for P03699 (Enterobacteria phage lambda)
Go to UniProtKB:  P03699
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 1LX8 Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-06-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance