1LVC

Crystal structure of the adenylyl cyclase domain of anthrax edema factor (EF) in complex with calmodulin and 2' deoxy, 3' anthraniloyl ATP


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.307 
  • R-Value Work: 0.281 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.281 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Physiological calcium concentrations regulate calmodulin binding and catalysis of adenylyl cyclase exotoxins

Shen, Y.Lee, Y.-S.Soelaiman, S.Bergson, P.Lu, D.Chen, A.Beckingham, K.Grabarek, Z.Mrksich, M.Tang, W.-J.

(2002) EMBO J 21: 6721-6732

  • DOI: 10.1093/emboj/cdf681
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1LVC

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Edema factor (EF) and CyaA are calmodulin (CaM)-activated adenylyl cyclase exotoxins involved in the pathogenesis of anthrax and whooping cough, respectively. Using spectroscopic, enzyme kinetic and surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy analyses, we sho ...

    Edema factor (EF) and CyaA are calmodulin (CaM)-activated adenylyl cyclase exotoxins involved in the pathogenesis of anthrax and whooping cough, respectively. Using spectroscopic, enzyme kinetic and surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy analyses, we show that low Ca(2+) concentrations increase the affinity of CaM for EF and CyaA causing their activation, but higher Ca(2+) concentrations directly inhibit catalysis. Both events occur in a physiologically relevant range of Ca(2+) concentrations. Despite the similarity in Ca(2+) sensitivity, EF and CyaA have substantial differences in CaM binding and activation. CyaA has 100-fold higher affinity for CaM than EF. CaM has N- and C-terminal globular domains, each binding two Ca(2+) ions. CyaA can be fully activated by CaM mutants with one defective C-terminal Ca(2+)-binding site or by either terminal domain of CaM while EF cannot. EF consists of a catalytic core and a helical domain, and both are required for CaM activation of EF. Mutations that decrease the interaction of the helical domain with the catalytic core create an enzyme with higher sensitivity to Ca(2+)-CaM activation. However, CyaA is fully activated by CaM without the domain corresponding to the helical domain of EF.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structural basis for the activation of anthrax adenylyl cyclase exotoxin by calmodulin
      Drum, C.L., Yan, S.Z., Bard, J., Shen, Y.Q., Lu, D., Soelaiman, S., Grabarek, Z., Bohm, A., Tang, W.J.
      (2002) Nature 415: 396

    Organizational Affiliation

    Ben-May Institute for Cancer Research, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
calmodulin-sensitive adenylate cyclase ABC510Bacillus anthracisMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: cyapXO1-122BXA0141GBAA_pXO1_0142
EC: 4.6.1.1
Find proteins for P40136 (Bacillus anthracis)
Explore P40136 
Go to UniProtKB:  P40136
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
calmodulin DEF149Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CALM1CALMCAMCAM1
Find proteins for P0DP23 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P0DP23 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DP23
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P0DP23
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.60 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.307 
  • R-Value Work: 0.281 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.281 
  • Space Group: I 2 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 116.924α = 90
b = 167.918β = 90
c = 341.743γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-12-04
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-11-20
    Changes: Advisory, Derived calculations