Structural characterization of a proline-driven conformational switch within the Itk SH2 domainMallis, R.J., Brazin, K.N., Fulton, D.B., Andreotti, A.H.
(2002) Nat Struct Biol 9: 900-905
- PubMed: 12402030
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/nsb864
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
1LUI, 1LUK, 1LUM, 1LUN
- PubMed Abstract:
Interleukin-2 tyrosine kinase (Itk) is a T cell-specific kinase required for a proper immune response following T cell receptor engagement. In addition to the kinase domain, Itk is composed of several noncatalytic regulatory domains, including a Src homology 2 (SH2) domain that contains a conformationally heterogeneous Pro residue. Cis-trans isomerization of a single prolyl imide bond within the SH2 domain mediates conformer-specific ligand recognition that may have functional implications in T cell signaling. To better understand the mechanism by which a proline switch regulates ligand binding, we have used NMR spectroscopy to determine two structures of Itk SH2 corresponding to the cis and trans imide bond-containing conformers. The structures indicate that the heterogeneous Pro residue acts as a hinge that modulates ligand recognition by controlling the relative orientation of protein-binding surfaces.
Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA.