The Arg7Lys mutant of heat-labile enterotoxin exhibits great flexibility of active site loop 47-56 of the A subunit.van den Akker, F., Merritt, E.A., Pizza, M., Domenighini, M., Rappuoli, R., Hol, W.G.
(1995) Biochemistry 34: 10996-11004
- PubMed: 7669757
- PubMed Abstract:
- Probing the Structure-Activity Relationship of Escherichia Coli Lt-A by Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Pizza, M.,Domenighini, M.,Hol, W.,Giannelli, V.,Fontana, M.R.,Giuliani, M.M.,Magagnoli, C.,Peppoloni, S.,Manetti, R.,Rappuoli, R.
(1994) Mol.Microbiol. 14: 51
- Refined Structure of Escherichia Coli Heat-Labile Enterotoxin, a Close Relative of Cholera Toxin
Sixma, T.K.,Kalk, K.H.,Van Zanten, B.A.M.,Dauter, Z.,Kingma, J.,Witholt, B.,Hol, W.G.J.
(1993) J.Mol.Biol. 230: 890
- Crystal Structure of a Cholera Toxin-Related Heat-Labile Enterotoxin from E. Coli
Sixma, T.K.,Pronk, S.E.,Kalk, K.H.,Wartna, E.S.,Van Zanten, B.A.M.,Witholt, B.,Hol, W.G.J.
(1991) Nature 351: 371
The heat-labile enterotoxin from Escherichia coli (LT) is a member of the cholera toxin family. These and other members of the larger class of AB5 bacterial toxins act through catalyzing the ADP-ribosylation of various intracellular targets including ...
The heat-labile enterotoxin from Escherichia coli (LT) is a member of the cholera toxin family. These and other members of the larger class of AB5 bacterial toxins act through catalyzing the ADP-ribosylation of various intracellular targets including Gs alpha. The A subunit is responsible for this covalent modification, while the B pentamer is involved in receptor recognition. We report here the crystal structure of an inactive single-site mutant of LT in which arginine 7 of the A subunit has been replaced by a lysine residue. The final model contains 103 residues for each of the five B subunits, 175 residues for the A1 subunit, and 41 residues for the A2 subunit. In this Arg7Lys structure the active site cleft within the A subunit is wider by approximately 1 A than is seen in the wild-type LT. Furthermore, a loop near the active site consisting of residues 47-56 is disordered in the Arg7Lys structure, even though the new lysine residue at position 7 assumes a position which virtually coincides with that of Arg7 in the wild-type structure. The displacement of residues 47-56 as seen in the mutant structure is proposed to be necessary for allowing NAD access to the active site of the wild-type LT. On the basis of the differences observed between the wild-type and Arg7Lys structures, we propose a model for a coordinated sequence of conformational changes required for full activation of LT upon reduction of disulfide bridge 187-199 and cleavage of the peptide loop between the two cysteines in the A subunit.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Department of Biological Structure and Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.