Comparison of the structures of cro and lambda repressor proteins from bacteriophage lambda.Ohlendorf, D.H., Anderson, W.F., Lewis, M., Pabo, C.O., Matthews, B.W.
(1983) J.Mol.Biol. 169: 757-769
- PubMed: 6226802
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structure of the Operator-Binding Domain of Bacteriophage Lambda Repressor. Implications for DNA Recognition and Gene Regulation
Lewis, M.,Jeffrey, A.,Wang, J.,Ladner, R.,Ptashne, M.,Pabo, C.O.
(1983) Cold Spring Harbor Symp.Quant.Biol. 47: 435
- Homology Among DNA-Binding Proteins Suggests Use of a Conserved Super-Secondary Structure
Sauer, R.T.,Yocum, R.R.,Doolittle, R.F.,Lewis, M.,Pabo, C.O.
(1982) Nature 298: 447
- The Operator-Binding Domain of Lambda Repressor. Structure and DNA Recognition
Pabo, C.O.,Lewis, M.
(1982) Nature 298: 443
- The N-Terminal Arms of Lambda Repressor Wrap Around the Operator DNA
Pabo, C.O.,Krovatin, W.,Jeffrey, A.,Sauer, R.T.
(1982) Nature 298: 441
The three-dimensional structures of cro repressor protein and of the amino-terminal domain of lambda repressor protein, both from bacteriophage lambda, are compared. The second and third alpha-helices, alpha 2 and alpha 3, are shown to have essential ...
The three-dimensional structures of cro repressor protein and of the amino-terminal domain of lambda repressor protein, both from bacteriophage lambda, are compared. The second and third alpha-helices, alpha 2 and alpha 3, are shown to have essentially identical conformations in the two proteins, confirming the significance of the amino acid sequence homology previously noted between these and other DNA binding proteins in the region corresponding to these helices. The correspondence between the two-helical units in cro and lambda repressor protein is better than the striking agreement noted previously between two-helical units in cro and catabolite gene-activator protein. Parts of the first alpha-helices of repressor and cro show a structural correspondence that suggests a revised sequence homology between the two proteins in their extreme amino-terminal regions. In particular, there is a short loop between the alpha 1 and alpha 2 helices of lambda repressor that is missing from cro. This structural difference may account for the observed differences found with different cros and repressors in the pattern of phosphates whose ethylation prevents the binding of these proteins to their specific recognition sites. Although the two proteins have strikingly similar alpha 2-alpha 3 helical units that are presumed to bind to DNA in an essentially similar manner, stereochemical restrictions prevent the alpha 2-alpha 3 units of the respective proteins aligning on the DNA in exactly the same way.