1LKQ

NMR STRUCTURE OF HUMAN INSULIN MUTANT ILE-A2-GLY, VAL-A3-GLY, HIS-B10-ASP, PRO-B28-LYS, LYS-B29-PRO, 20 STRUCTURES


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 35 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Mechanism of insulin chain combination. Asymmetric roles of A-chain alpha-helices in disulfide pairing

Hua, Q.X.Chu, Y.C.Jia, W.Phillips, N.F.Wang, R.Y.Katsoyannis, P.G.Weiss, M.A.

(2002) J Biol Chem 277: 43443-43453

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M206107200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1LKQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The A and B chains of insulin combine to form native disulfide bridges without detectable isomers. The fidelity of chain combination thus recapitulates the folding of proinsulin, a precursor protein in which the two chains are tethered by a disordered co ...

    The A and B chains of insulin combine to form native disulfide bridges without detectable isomers. The fidelity of chain combination thus recapitulates the folding of proinsulin, a precursor protein in which the two chains are tethered by a disordered connecting peptide. We have recently shown that chain combination is blocked by seemingly conservative substitutions in the C-terminal alpha-helix of the A chain. Such analogs, once formed, nevertheless retain high biological activity. By contrast, we demonstrate here that chain combination is robust to non-conservative substitutions in the N-terminal alpha-helix. Introduction of multiple glycine substitutions into the N-terminal segment of the A chain (residues A1-A5) yields analogs that are less stable than native insulin and essentially without biological activity. (1)H NMR studies of a representative analog lacking invariant side chains Ile(A2) and Val(A3) (A chain sequence GGGEQCCTSICSLYQLENYCN; substitutions are italicized and cysteines are underlined) demonstrate local unfolding of the A1-A5 segment in an otherwise native-like structure. That this and related partial folds retain efficient disulfide pairing suggests that the native N-terminal alpha-helix does not participate in the transition state of the reaction. Implications for the hierarchical folding mechanisms of proinsulin and insulin-like growth factors are discussed.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4935, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
INSULIN A21N/AMutation(s): 2 
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P01308
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
INSULIN B30N/AMutation(s): 3 
Find proteins for P01308 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P01308 
Go to UniProtKB:  P01308
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P01308
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 35 
  • Conformers Submitted: 20 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • OLDERADO: 1LKQ Olderado

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-05-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-28
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance