Structure of human diferric lactoferrin refined at 2.2 A resolution.Haridas, M., Anderson, B.F., Baker, E.N.
(1995) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 51: 629-646
- PubMed: 15299793
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444994013521
- Also Cited By: 2BJJ
- PubMed Abstract:
- Structure of Human Lactoferrin: Crystallographic Structure Analysis and Refinement at 2.8 Angstroms Resolution
Anderson, B.F.,Baker, H.M.,Norris, G.E.,Rice, D.W.,Baker, E.N.
(1989) J.Mol.Biol. 209: 711
- Structure of Human Lactoferrin at 3.2 Angstroms Resolution
Anderson, B.F.,Baker, H.M.,Dodson, E.J.,Norris, G.E.,Rumball, S.V.,Waters, J.M.,Baker, E.N.
(1987) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 84: 1769
- Transferrins: Insights Into Structure and Function from Studies on Lactoferrin
Baker, E.N.,Rumball, S.V.,Anderson, B.F.
(1987) Trends Biochem.Sci.(Pers. Ed.) 12: 350
The three-dimensional structure of the diferric form of human lactoferrin has been refined at 2.2 A resolution, using synchrotron data combined with a lower resolution (3.2 A) diffractometer data set. Following restrained least-squares refinement and ...
The three-dimensional structure of the diferric form of human lactoferrin has been refined at 2.2 A resolution, using synchrotron data combined with a lower resolution (3.2 A) diffractometer data set. Following restrained least-squares refinement and model rebuilding the final model comprises 5330 protein atoms (691 residues), 2Fe(3+) and 2CO(3)(2-) ions, 469 solvent molecules and 98 carbohydrate atoms (eight sugar residues). Root-mean-square deviations from standard geometry are 0.015 A for bond lengths and 0.038 A for angle (1-3) distances, and the final crystallographic R-factor is 0.179 for all 39 113 reflections in the resolution range 8.0-2.2 A. A close structural similarity is seen between the two lobes of the molecule, with differences mainly in loops and turns. The two binding sites are extremely similar, the only apparent differences being a slightly more asymmetric bidentate binding of the carbonate ion to the metal, and a slightly longer Fe-O bond to one of the Tyr ligands, in the N-lobe site relative to the C-lobe site. Distinct differences are seen in the interactions made by two cationic groups, Arg210 and Lys546, behind the iron site, and these may influence the stability of the two metal sites. Analysis of interdomain and interlobe interactions shows that these are few in number which is consistent with the known flexibility of the molecule with respect to domain and lobe movements. Internal water molecules are found in discrete sites and in two large clusters (in the two interdomain clefts) and one tightly bound water molecule is present 3.8 A from the Fe atom in each lobe. The carbohydrate is weakly defined and has been modelled to a limited extent; two sugar residues of the N-lobe glycan and six of the C-lobe glycan. Only one direct protein-carbohydrate contact can be found.
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.