1KQO

Crystal structure of NMN/NaMN adenylyltransferase complexed with deamido-NAD


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of Hhuman of Nicotinamide/Nicotinic Acid Mononucleotide Adenylyltransferase. Basis for the dual substrate specificity and activation of the oncolytic agent tiazofurin.

Zhou, T.Kurnasov, O.Tomchick, D.R.Binns, D.D.Grishin, N.V.Marquez, V.E.Osterman, A.L.Zhang, H.

(2002) J.Biol.Chem. 277: 13148-13154

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111469200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1KQN, 1KR2

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Nicotinamide/nicotinate mononucleotide (NMN/ NaMN)adenylyltransferase (NMNAT) is an indispensable enzyme in the biosynthesis of NAD(+) and NADP(+). Human NMNAT displays unique dual substrate specificity toward both NMN and NaMN, thus flexible in part ...

    Nicotinamide/nicotinate mononucleotide (NMN/ NaMN)adenylyltransferase (NMNAT) is an indispensable enzyme in the biosynthesis of NAD(+) and NADP(+). Human NMNAT displays unique dual substrate specificity toward both NMN and NaMN, thus flexible in participating in both de novo and salvage pathways of NAD synthesis. Human NMNAT also catalyzes the rate-limiting step of the metabolic conversion of the anticancer agent tiazofurin to its active form tiazofurin adenine dinucleotide (TAD). The tiazofurin resistance is mainly associated with the low NMNAT activity in the cell. We have solved the crystal structures of human NMNAT in complex with NAD, deamido-NAD, and a non-hydrolyzable TAD analogue beta-CH(2)-TAD. These complex structures delineate the broad substrate specificity of the enzyme toward both NMN and NaMN and reveal the structural mechanism for adenylation of tiazofurin nucleotide. The crystal structure of human NMNAT also shows that it forms a barrel-like hexamer with the predicted nuclear localization signal sequence located on the outside surface of the barrel, supporting its functional role of interacting with the nuclear transporting proteins. The results from the analytical ultracentrifugation studies are consistent with the formation of a hexamer in solution under certain conditions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
NICOTINAMIDE MONONUCLEOTIDE ADENYLYL TRANSFERASE
A, B, C, D, E, F
279Homo sapiensGene Names: NMNAT1 (NMNAT)
EC: 2.7.7.1, 2.7.7.18
Find proteins for Q9HAN9 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: NMNAT1
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9HAN9
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DND
Query on DND

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F
NICOTINIC ACID ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
DEAMIDO-NAD+
C21 H27 N6 O15 P2
SENPVEZBRZQVST-HISDBWNOSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.210 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 131.245α = 90.00
b = 90.391β = 117.17
c = 137.673γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-01-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2014-10-22
    Type: Atomic model