Mesopone cytochrome c peroxidase: functional model of heme oxygenated oxidases.Immoos, C.E., Bhaskar, B., Cohen, M.S., Barrows, T.P., Farmer, P.J., Poulos, T.L.
(2002) J.Inorg.Biochem. 91: 635-643
- PubMed: 12237229
- PubMed Abstract:
The effect of heme ring oxygenation on enzyme structure and function has been examined in a reconstituted cytochrome c peroxidase. Oxochlorin derivatives were formed by OsO(4) treatment of mesoporphyrin followed by acid-catalyzed pinacol rearrangemen ...
The effect of heme ring oxygenation on enzyme structure and function has been examined in a reconstituted cytochrome c peroxidase. Oxochlorin derivatives were formed by OsO(4) treatment of mesoporphyrin followed by acid-catalyzed pinacol rearrangement. The northern oxochlorin isomers were isolated by chromatography, and the regio-isomers assignments determined by 2D COSY and NOE 1H NMR. The major isomer, 4-mesoporphyrinone (Mp), was metallated with FeCl(2) and reconstituted into cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) forming a hybrid green protein, MpCcP. The heme-altered enzyme has 99% wild-type peroxidase activity with cytochrome c. EPR spectroscopy of MpCcP intermediate compound I verifies the formation of the Trp(191) radical similar to wild-type CcP in the reaction cycle. Peroxidase activity with small molecules is varied: guaiacol turnover increases approximately five-fold while that with ferrocyanide is approximately 85% of native. The electron-withdrawing oxo-substitutents on the cofactor cause a approximately 60-mV increase in Fe(III)/Fe(II) reduction potential. The present investigation represents the first structural characterization of an oxochlorin protein with X-ray intensity data collected to 1.70 A. Although a mixture of R- and S-mesopone isomers of the FeMP cofactor was used during heme incorporation into the apo-protein, only the S-isomer is found in the crystallized protein.
Department of Chemistry, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-2025, USA.