1KNY

KANAMYCIN NUCLEOTIDYLTRANSFERASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural investigation of the antibiotic and ATP-binding sites in kanamycin nucleotidyltransferase.

Pedersen, L.C.Benning, M.M.Holden, H.M.

(1995) Biochemistry 34: 13305-13311


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Kanamycin nucleotidyltransferase (KNTase) is a plasmid-coded enzyme responsible for some types of bacterial resistance to aminoglycosides. The enzyme deactivates various antibiotics by transferring a nucleoside monophosphate group from ATP to the 4'- ...

    Kanamycin nucleotidyltransferase (KNTase) is a plasmid-coded enzyme responsible for some types of bacterial resistance to aminoglycosides. The enzyme deactivates various antibiotics by transferring a nucleoside monophosphate group from ATP to the 4'-hydroxyl group of the drug. Detailed knowledge of the interactions between the protein and the substrates may lead to the design of aminoglycosides less susceptible to bacterial deactivation. Here we describe the structure of KNTase complexed with both the nonhydrolyzable nucleotide analog AMPCPP and kanamycin. Crystals employed in the investigation were grown from poly(ethylene glycol) solutions and belonged to the space group P2(1)2(1)2(1) with unit cell dimensions of a = 57.3 A, b = 102.2 A, c = 101.8 A, and one dimer in the asymmetric unit. Least-squares refinement of the model at 2.5 A resolution reduced the crystallographic R factor to 16.8%. The binding pockets for both the nucleotide and the antibiotic are extensively exposed to the solvent and are composed of amino acid residues contributed by both subunits in the dimer. There are few specific interactions between the protein and the adenine ring of the nucleotide; rather the AMPCPP molecule is locked into position by extensive hydrogen bonding between the alpha-, beta-, and gamma-phosphates and protein side chains. This, in part, may explain the observation that the enzyme can utilize other nucleotides such as GTP and UTP. The 4'-hydroxyl group of the antibiotic is approximately 5 A from the alpha-phosphorus of the nucleotide and is in the proper orientation for a single in-line displacement attack at the phosphorus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institute for Enzyme Research, Graduate School, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53705, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
KANAMYCIN NUCLEOTIDYLTRANSFERASE
A, B
253Staphylococcus aureusGene Names: knt (kan)
EC: 2.7.7.-
Find proteins for P05057 (Staphylococcus aureus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P05057
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
APC
Query on APC

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A, B
DIPHOSPHOMETHYLPHOSPHONIC ACID ADENOSYL ESTER
ALPHA,BETA-METHYLENEADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C11 H18 N5 O12 P3
CAWZRIXWFRFUQB-IOSLPCCCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

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A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
KAN
Query on KAN

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Download CCD File 
A, B
KANAMYCIN A
C18 H36 N4 O11
SBUJHOSQTJFQJX-NOAMYHISSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.168 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 57.300α = 90.00
b = 102.200β = 90.00
c = 108.800γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
TNTrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1996-08-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance