1KF9

PHAGE DISPLAY DERIVED VARIANT OF HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE COMPLEXED WITH TWO COPIES OF THE EXTRACELLULAR DOMAIN OF ITS RECEPTOR


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.326 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure of a Phage Display Derived Variant of Human Growth Hormone Complexed to Two Copies of the Extracellular Domain of its Receptor: Evidence for Strong Structural Coupling between Receptor Binding Sites

Schiffer, C.A.Ultsch, M.Walsh, S.Somers, W.De Vos, A.M.Kossiakoff, A.A.

(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 316: 277-289

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.5348

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The structure of the ternary complex between the phage display- optimized, high-affinity Site 1 variant of human growth hormone (hGH) and two copies of the extracellular domain (ECD) of the hGH receptor (hGHR) has been determined at 2.6 A resolution. ...

    The structure of the ternary complex between the phage display- optimized, high-affinity Site 1 variant of human growth hormone (hGH) and two copies of the extracellular domain (ECD) of the hGH receptor (hGHR) has been determined at 2.6 A resolution. There are widespread and significant structural differences compared to the wild-type ternary hGH hGHR complex. The hGH variant (hGH(v)) contains 15 Site 1 mutations and binds>10(2) tighter to the hGHR ECD (hGH(R1)) at Site 1. It is biologically active and specific to hGHR. The hGH(v) Site 1 interface is somewhat smaller and 20% more hydrophobic compared to the wild-type (wt) counterpart. Of the ten hormone-receptor H-bonds in the site, only one is the same as in the wt complex. Additionally, several regions of hGH(v) structure move up to 9A in forming the interface. The contacts between the C-terminal domains of two receptor ECDs (hGH(R1)- hGH(R2)) are conserved; however, the large changes in Site 1 appear to cause global changes in the domains of hGH(R1) that affect the hGH(v)-hGH(R2) interface indirectly. This coupling is manifested by large changes in the conformation of groups participating in the Site 2 interaction and results in a structure for the site that is reorganized extensively. The hGH(v)- hGH(R2) interface contains seven H-bonds, only one of which is found in the wt complex. Several groups on hGH(v) and hGH(R2) undergo conformational changes of up to 8 A. Asp116 of hGH(v) plays a central role in the reorganization of Site 2 by forming two new H-bonds to the side-chains of Trp104(R2) and Trp169(R2), which are the key binding determinants of the receptor. The fact that a different binding solution is possible for Site 2, where there were no mutations or binding selection pressures, indicates that the structural elements found in these molecules possess an inherent functional plasticity that enables them to bind to a wide variety of binding surfaces.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Protein Engineering, Genentech Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
PHAGE DISPLAY DERIVED VARIANT HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE
A, D
191Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GH1
Find proteins for P01241 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GH1
Go to UniProtKB:  P01241
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
EXTRACELLULAR DOMAIN HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE RECEPTOR (1-238)
B, C, E, F
238Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: GHR
Find proteins for P10912 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: GHR
Go to UniProtKB:  P10912
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.326 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 67.289α = 90.00
b = 111.937β = 90.06
c = 95.290γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MARSCALEdata reduction
X-PLORrefinement
SCALEdata reduction
X-PLORmodel building
SCALEdata collection
MARSCALEdata scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-11-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance