1KEA

STRUCTURE OF A THERMOSTABLE THYMINE-DNA GLYCOSYLASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and activity of a thermostable thymine-DNA glycosylase: evidence for base twisting to remove mismatched normal DNA bases.

Mol, C.D.Arvai, A.S.Begley, T.J.Cunningham, R.P.Tainer, J.A.

(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 315: 373-384

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.5264

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The repair of T:G mismatches in DNA is key for maintaining bacterial restriction/modification systems and gene silencing in higher eukaryotes. T:G mismatch repair can be initiated by a specific mismatch glycosylase (MIG) that is homologous to the hel ...

    The repair of T:G mismatches in DNA is key for maintaining bacterial restriction/modification systems and gene silencing in higher eukaryotes. T:G mismatch repair can be initiated by a specific mismatch glycosylase (MIG) that is homologous to the helix-hairpin-helix (HhH) DNA repair enzymes. Here, we present a 2.0 A resolution crystal structure and complementary mutagenesis results for this thermophilic HhH MIG enzyme. The results suggest that MIG distorts the target thymine nucleotide by twisting the thymine base approximately 90 degrees away from its normal anti position within DNA. We propose that functionally significant differences exist in DNA repair enzyme extrahelical nucleotide binding and catalysis that are characteristic of whether the target base is damaged or is a normal base within a mispair. These results explain why pure HhH DNA glycosylases and combined glycosylase/AP lyases cannot be interconverted by simply altering their functional group chemistry, and how broad-specificity DNA glycosylase enzymes may weaken the glycosylic linkage to allow a variety of damaged DNA bases to be excised.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biology MB4, Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, 10550 North Torrey Pines Rd, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Possible G-T mismatches repair enzyme
A
221Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicusEC: 3.2.2.-
Find proteins for P29588 (Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P29588
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SF4
Query on SF4

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A
IRON/SULFUR CLUSTER
Fe4 S4
LJBDFODJNLIPKO-VKOJMFJBAC
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

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A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
CL
Query on CL

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A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.211 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 68.215α = 90.00
b = 68.215β = 90.00
c = 98.944γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-01-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance