1KBI

Crystallographic Study of the Recombinant Flavin-binding Domain of Baker's Yeast Flavocytochrome b2: Comparison with the Intact Wild-type Enzyme


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystallographic study of the recombinant flavin-binding domain of Baker's yeast flavocytochrome b(2): comparison with the intact wild-type enzyme.

Cunane, L.M.Barton, J.D.Chen, Z.W.Welsh, F.E.Chapman, S.K.Reid, G.A.Mathews, F.S.

(2002) Biochemistry 41: 4264-4272

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1KBJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Flavocytochrome b(2) catalyzes the oxidation of L-lactate to pyruvate and the transfer of electrons to cytochrome c. The enzyme consists of a flavin-binding domain, which includes the active site for lacate oxidation, and a b(2)-cytochrome domain, re ...

    Flavocytochrome b(2) catalyzes the oxidation of L-lactate to pyruvate and the transfer of electrons to cytochrome c. The enzyme consists of a flavin-binding domain, which includes the active site for lacate oxidation, and a b(2)-cytochrome domain, required for efficient cytochrome c reduction. To better understand the structure and function of intra- and interprotein electron transfer, we have determined the crystal structure of the independently expressed flavin-binding domain of flavocytochrome b(2) to 2.50 A resolution and compared this with the structure of the intact enzyme, redetermined at 2.30 A resolution, both structures being from crystals cooled to 100 K. Whereas there is little overall difference between these structures, we do observe significant local changes near the interface region, some of which impact on amino acid side chains, such as Arg289, that have been shown previously to have an important role in catalysis. The disordered loop region found in flavocytochrome b(2) and its close homologues remain unresolved in frozen crystals of the flavin-binding domain, implying that the presence of the b(2)-cytochrome domain is not responsible for this positional disorder. The flavin-binding domain interacts poorly with cytochrome c, but we have introduced acidic residues in the interdomain interface region with the aim of enhancing cytochrome c binding. While the mutations L199E and K201E within the flavin-binding domain resulted in unimpaired lactate dehydrogenase activity, they failed to enhance electron-transfer rates with cytochrome c. This is most likely due to the disordered loop region obscuring all or part of the surface having the potential for productive interaction with cytochrome c.


    Related Citations: 
    • Molecular Structure of Flavocytochrome b2 at 2.4 A Resolution
      Xia, Z.X.,Mathews, F.S.
      (1990) J.Mol.Biol. 212: 837
    • Isolation and Characterization of the Flavin-binding Domain of Flavocytochrome b2 Expressed Independently in Escherichia coli
      Blame, A.,Brunt, C.E.,Pallister, R.L.,Chapman, S.K.,Reid, G.A.
      (1995) BIOCHEM.J. 309: 601


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CYTOCHROME B2
A, B
511Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c)Gene Names: CYB2
EC: 1.1.2.3
Find proteins for P00175 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c))
Go to UniProtKB:  P00175
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
PO4
Query on PO4

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Download CCD File 
B
PHOSPHATE ION
O4 P
NBIIXXVUZAFLBC-UHFFFAOYSA-K
 Ligand Interaction
PYR
Query on PYR

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B
PYRUVIC ACID
C3 H4 O3
LCTONWCANYUPML-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FMN
Query on FMN

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A, B
FLAVIN MONONUCLEOTIDE
RIBOFLAVIN MONOPHOSPHATE
C17 H21 N4 O9 P
FVTCRASFADXXNN-SCRDCRAPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

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Download CCD File 
A
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

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A, B
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.170 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 164.160α = 90.00
b = 164.160β = 90.00
c = 111.600γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
R-AXISdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-04-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Derived calculations, Version format compliance