A structural basis for S100 protein specificity derived from comparative analysis of apo and Ca(2+)-calcyclinMaler, L., Sastry, M., Chazin, W.J.
(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 317: 279-290
- PubMed: 11902843
- DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2002.5421
- PubMed Abstract:
- The Three-dimenisonal Structure of Ca(2+)-bound Calcyclin: Implications for Ca(2+)-signal Transduction by S100 Proteins.
Sastry, M.,Ketchem, R.R.,Crescenzi, O.,Weber, C.,Lubienski, M.J.,Hidaka, H.,Chazin, W.J.
(1998) Structure 6: 223
- High Resolution Solution Structure of Apo Calcyclin and Structural Variations in the S100 Family of Calcium-binding Proteins.
Maler, L.,Potts, B.C.M.,Chazin, W.J.
(1999) J.Biomol.NMR 13: 233
- The Structure of Calcyclin Reveals a Novel Homodimeric Fold for S100 Ca(2+)-binding Proteins.
Potts, B.C.,Smith, J.,Akke, M.,Macke, T.J.,Okazaki, K.,Hidaka, H.,Chase, D.A.,Chazin, W.J.
(1995) Nat.Struct.Mol.Biol. 2: 790
Calcyclin is a homodimeric protein belonging to the S100 subfamily of EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding proteins, which function in Ca(2+) signal transduction processes. A refined high-resolution solution structure of Ca(2+)-bound rabbit calcyclin has been dete ...
Calcyclin is a homodimeric protein belonging to the S100 subfamily of EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding proteins, which function in Ca(2+) signal transduction processes. A refined high-resolution solution structure of Ca(2+)-bound rabbit calcyclin has been determined by heteronuclear solution NMR. In order to understand the Ca(2+)-induced structural changes in S100 proteins, in-depth comparative structural analyses were used to compare the apo and Ca(2+)-bound states of calcyclin, the closely related S100B, and the prototypical Ca(2+)-sensor protein calmodulin. Upon Ca(2+) binding, the position and orientation of helix III in the second EF-hand is altered, whereas the rest of the protein, including the dimer interface, remains virtually unchanged. This Ca(2+)-induced structural change is much less drastic than the "opening" of the globular EF-hand domains that occurs in classical Ca(2+) sensors, such as calmodulin. Using homology models of calcyclin based on S100B, a binding site in calcyclin has been proposed for the N-terminal domain of annexin XI and the C-terminal domain of the neuronal calcyclin-binding protein. The structural basis for the specificity of S100 proteins is discussed in terms of the variation in sequence of critical contact residues in the common S100 target-binding site.
Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Arrhenius Laboratory, Stockholm University, Sweden.