Structure-based design and synthesis of potent matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors derived from a 6H-1,3,4-thiadiazine scaffold.Schroder, J., Henke, A., Wenzel, H., Brandstetter, H., Stammler, H.G., Stammler, A., Pfeiffer, W.D., Tschesche, H.
(2001) J.Med.Chem. 44: 3231-3243
- PubMed: 11563922
- PubMed Abstract:
We describe a new generation of heterocyclic nonpeptide matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors derived from a 6H-1,3,4-thiadiazine scaffold. A screening effort was utilized to identify some chiral 6-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazines that are weak inhibito ...
We describe a new generation of heterocyclic nonpeptide matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors derived from a 6H-1,3,4-thiadiazine scaffold. A screening effort was utilized to identify some chiral 6-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazines that are weak inhibitors of the catalytic domain of human neutrophil collagenase (cdMMP-8). Further optimization of the lead compounds revealed general design principles that involve the placement of a phenyl or thienyl group at position 5 of the thiadiazine ring, to improve unprimed side affinity; the incorporation of an amino group at position 2 of the thiadiazine ring as the chelating agent for the catalytic zinc; the placement of a N-sulfonamide-substituted amino acid residue at the amino group, to improve primed side affinity; and the attachment of diverse functional groups at position 4 or 5 of the phenyl or thienyl group at the unprimed side, to improve selectivity. The new compounds were assayed against eight different matrix metalloproteinases, MMP-1, cdMMP-2, cdMMP-8, MMP-9, cdMMP-12, cdMMP-13, cdMMP-14, and the ectodomain of MMP-14, respectively. A unique combination of the above-described modifications produced the selective inhibitor (2R)-N-[5-(4-bromophenyl)-6H-1,3,4-thiadiazin-2-yl]-2-[(phenylsulfonyl)amino]propanamide with high affinity for MMP-9 (K(i) = 40 nM). X-ray crystallographic data obtained for cdMMP-8 cocrystallized with N-allyl-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-6H-1,3,4-thiadiazin-2-amine hydrobromide gave detailed design information on binding interactions for thiadiazine-based MMP inhibitors.
Abt. Biochemie I, Universität Bielefeld, Fakultät für Chemie, Universitätsstr. 25, D-33615 Bielefeld, Germany.