1JAU

NMR Solution Structure of the Trp-Rich Peptide of HIV gp41 Bound to DPC Micelles


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 40 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The membrane-proximal tryptophan-rich region of the HIV glycoprotein, gp41, forms a well-defined helix in dodecylphosphocholine micelles.

Schibli, D.J.Montelaro, R.C.Vogel, H.J.

(2001) Biochemistry 40: 9570-9578

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The membrane-proximal tryptophan-rich region of the HIV transmembrane glycoprotein, gp41, plays an important role in the membrane fusion reaction. Using NMR spectroscopy, we have studied the tertiary structure of a synthetic 19-residue amidated pepti ...

    The membrane-proximal tryptophan-rich region of the HIV transmembrane glycoprotein, gp41, plays an important role in the membrane fusion reaction. Using NMR spectroscopy, we have studied the tertiary structure of a synthetic 19-residue amidated peptide (NH2-KWASLWNWFNITNWLWYIK-CONH2) corresponding to this region in membrane-mimetic environments. Initial experiments in sodium dodecyl sulfate/H2O micelles and trifluoroethanol gave poor results, because of low solubility. However, in dodecylphosphocholine micelles, we obtained excellent 500 and 800 MHz NMR spectra, suggesting that the peptide has a preference for a zwitterionic membrane-like environment. The final NMR structures demonstrated a well-defined helical peptide with a backbone rmsd of 0.47 +/- 0.18 A. Four of the five tryptophan residues, as well as the tyrosine residue, formed a "collar" of aromatic residues along the axial length of the helix. By analogy to related tryptophan-rich antimicrobial peptides, the structure indicates that the aromatic residues of the HIV peptide are positioned within the membrane-water interface of a phospholipid bilayer. This is confirmed by the observation of direct NOEs between the aromatic residues of the peptide to the headgroup and interfacial protons of prototonated dodecylphosphocholine. The bulk of the polar residues are positioned on one face of this structure, with the hydrophobic phenylalanine side chain on the opposing face, forming an amphipathic structure. This work shows that the Trp-rich membrane-proximal region of HIV and related viruses can bind to the surfaces of zwitterioninc membranes in a "Velcro-like" manner.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
TRANSMEMBRANE GLYCOPROTEIN (GP41)
A
20Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype BMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: env
Find proteins for P04624 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B)
Go to UniProtKB:  P04624
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
NH2
Query on NH2
A
NON-POLYMERH2 N

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 40 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with the lowest energy 
  • Olderado: 1JAU Olderado

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-10-17
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance