1J7S

Crystal Structure of deoxy HbalphaYQ, a mutant of HbA


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Control of heme reactivity by diffusion: structural basis and functional characterization in hemoglobin mutants.

Miele, A.E.Draghi, F.Arcovito, A.Bellelli, A.Brunori, M.Travaglini-Allocatelli, C.Vallone, B.

(2001) Biochemistry 40: 14449-14458

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi011602d
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1J7S, 1J7W, 1J7Y

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The effect of mutagenesis on O(2), CO, and NO binding to mutants of human hemoglobin, designed to modify some features of the reactivity that hinder use of hemoglobin solutions as blood substitute, has been extensively investigated. The kinetics may be interpreted in the framework of the Monod-Wyman-Changeux two-state allosteric model, based on the high-resolution crystallographic structures of the mutants and taking into account the control of heme reactivity by the distal side mutations ...

    The effect of mutagenesis on O(2), CO, and NO binding to mutants of human hemoglobin, designed to modify some features of the reactivity that hinder use of hemoglobin solutions as blood substitute, has been extensively investigated. The kinetics may be interpreted in the framework of the Monod-Wyman-Changeux two-state allosteric model, based on the high-resolution crystallographic structures of the mutants and taking into account the control of heme reactivity by the distal side mutations. The mutations involve residues at topological position B10 and E7, i.e., Leu (B10) to Tyr and His (E7) to Gln, on either the alpha chains alone (yielding the hybrid tetramer Hbalpha(YQ)), the beta chains alone (hybrid tetramer Hbbeta(YQ)), or both types of chains (Hb(YQ)). Our data indicate that the two mutations affect ligand diffusion into the pocket, leading to proteins with low affinity for O(2) and CO, and especially with reduced reactivity toward NO, a difficult goal to achieve. The observed kinetic heterogeneity between the alpha(YQ) and beta(YQ) chains in Hb(YQ) has been rationalized on the basis of the three-dimensional structure of the active site. Furthermore, we report for the first time an experiment of partial CO binding, selective for the beta chains, to high salt crystals of the mutant Hb(YQ) in the T-state; these crystallographic data may be interpreted as "snapshots" of the initial events possibly occurring on ligand binding to the T-allosteric state of this peculiar mutant Hb.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemical Sciences "A. Rossi Fanelli" and CNR Centre for Molecular Biology, University of Rome "La Sapienza", P.le A. Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HemoglobinA, C141Homo sapiensMutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: HBA1HBA2
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P69905 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P69905 
Go to UniProtKB:  P69905
PHAROS:  P69905
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP69905
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HemoglobinB, D146Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: HBB
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P68871 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P68871 
Go to UniProtKB:  P68871
PHAROS:  P68871
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP68871
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
HEM
Query on HEM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A],
F [auth B],
G [auth C],
H [auth D]
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.210 
  • R-Value Work: 0.160 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 63.36α = 90
b = 84.32β = 99.43
c = 54γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-02-27
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2017-10-04
    Changes: Advisory, Refinement description
  • Version 1.4: 2021-10-27
    Changes: Advisory, Database references, Derived calculations