1J51

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF CYTOCHROME P450CAM MUTANT (F87W/Y96F/V247L/C334A) WITH 1,3,5-TRICHLOROBENZENE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 

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This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of the F87W/Y96F/V247L mutant of cytochrome P-450cam with 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene bound and further protein engineering for the oxidation of pentachlorobenzene and hexachlorobenzene

Chen, X.Christopher, A.Jones, J.P.Bell, S.G.Guo, Q.Xu, F.Rao, Z.Wong, L.L.

(2002) J Biol Chem 277: 37519-37526

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M203762200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1J51

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • We reported previously that the F87W/Y96F/V247L mutant of cytochrome P-450cam (CYP101) from Pseudomonas putida catalyzed the rapid oxidation of lightly chlorinated benzenes, but pentachlorobenzene oxidation was slow (Jones, J. P., O'Hare, E. J., and Wong, L ...

    We reported previously that the F87W/Y96F/V247L mutant of cytochrome P-450cam (CYP101) from Pseudomonas putida catalyzed the rapid oxidation of lightly chlorinated benzenes, but pentachlorobenzene oxidation was slow (Jones, J. P., O'Hare, E. J., and Wong, L. L. (2001) Eur. J. Biochem. 268, 1460-1467). In the present work, we determined the crystal structure of this mutant with bound 1,3,5-trichlorobenzene. The substrate was bound to crystallographically independent CYP101 molecules in at least three different orientations, which were distinguished by the angle between the benzene ring and the porphyrin, and one orientation contained an Fe-Cl interaction. In another orientation, the substrate was almost parallel to the heme, with a C-H bond closest to the iron. The enzyme/substrate contacts suggested that the L244A mutation should promote the binding of pentachlorobenzene and hexachlorobenzene by creating space to accommodate the extra chlorines. The F87W/Y96F/L244A/V247L mutant thus designed was found to oxidize pentachlorobenzene at a rate of 82.5 nmol (nmol CYP101)(-1) min(-1), 45 times faster than the F87W/Y96F/V247L parent mutant. The rate of hexachlorobenzene oxidation was increased 200-fold, to 2.0 min(-1). Both substrates are oxidized to pentachlorophenol, which is degraded by micro-organisms. In principle, the F87W/Y96F/L244A/V247L mutant could have applications in the bioremediation of polychlorinated benzenes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Structural Biology, Department of Biological Science and Technology & Ministry of Education Laboratory of Protein Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
CYTOCHROME P450CAMA, B, C, D414Pseudomonas putidaMutation(s): 4 
Gene Names: camCcyp101
EC: 1.14.15.1
UniProt
Find proteins for P00183 (Pseudomonas putida)
Explore P00183 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00183
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.258 
  • R-Value Work: 0.186 
  • Space Group: P 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 66.87α = 89.98
b = 62.44β = 90.3
c = 95.52γ = 90.09
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
CNSphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2002-01-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-26
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-06-20
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Refinement description, Structure summary