Crystal Structure of Rat Heme Oxygenase-1 in Complex with Heme Bound to Azide. IMPLICATION FOR REGIOSPECIFIC HYDROXYLATION OF HEME AT THE alpha -MESO CARBONSugishima, M., Sakamoto, H., Omata, Y., Hayashi, S., Noguchi, M., Fukuyama, K.
(2002) J.Biol.Chem. 277: 45086-45090
- PubMed: 12235152
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M207267200
- PubMed Abstract:
Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes physiological heme degradation consisting of three sequential oxidation steps that use dioxygen molecules and reducing equivalents. We determined the crystal structure of rat HO-1 in complex with heme and azide (HO-heme- ...
Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes physiological heme degradation consisting of three sequential oxidation steps that use dioxygen molecules and reducing equivalents. We determined the crystal structure of rat HO-1 in complex with heme and azide (HO-heme-N(3)(-)) at 1.9-A resolution. The azide, whose terminal nitrogen atom is coordinated to the ferric heme iron, is situated nearly parallel to the heme plane, and its other end is directed toward the alpha-meso position of the heme. Based on resonance Raman spectroscopic analysis of HO-heme bound to dioxygen, this parallel coordination mode suggests that the azide is an analog of dioxygen. The azide is surrounded by residues of the distal F-helix with only the direction to the alpha-meso carbon being open. This indicates that regiospecific oxygenation of the heme is primarily caused by the steric constraint between the dioxygen bound to heme and the F-helix. The azide interacts with Asp-140, Arg-136, and Thr-135 through a hydrogen bond network involving five water molecules on the distal side of the heme. This network, also present in HO-heme, may function in dioxygen activation in the first hydroxylation step. From the orientation of azide in HO-heme-N(3)(-), the dioxygen or hydroperoxide bound to HO-heme, the active oxygen species of the first reaction, is inferred to have a similar orientation suitable for a direct attack on the alpha-meso carbon.
Department of Biology, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Japan.