1IS2

Crystal Structure of Peroxisomal Acyl-CoA Oxidase-II from Rat Liver


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Three-dimensional structure of the flavoenzyme acyl-CoA oxidase-II from rat liver, the peroxisomal counterpart of mitochondrial acyl-CoA dehydrogenase.

Nakajima, Y.Miyahara, I.Hirotsu, K.Nishina, Y.Shiga, K.Setoyama, C.Tamaoki, H.Miura, R.

(2002) J.Biochem.(Tokyo) 131: 365-374


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO) catalyzes the first and rate-determining step of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation of fatty acids. The crystal structure of ACO-II, which is one of two forms of rat liver ACO (ACO-I and ACO-II), has been solved and refined to an R ...

    Acyl-CoA oxidase (ACO) catalyzes the first and rate-determining step of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation of fatty acids. The crystal structure of ACO-II, which is one of two forms of rat liver ACO (ACO-I and ACO-II), has been solved and refined to an R-factor of 20.6% at 2.2-A resolution. The enzyme is a homodimer, and the polypeptide chain of the subunit is folded into the N-terminal alpha-domain, beta-domain, and C-terminal alpha-domain. The X-ray analysis showed that the overall folding of ACO-II less C-terminal 221 residues is similar to that of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD). However, the N-terminal alpha- and beta-domains rotate by 13 with respect to the C-terminal alpha-domain compared with those in MCAD to give a long and large crevice that accommodates the cofactor FAD and the substrate acyl-CoA. FAD is bound to the crevice between the beta- and C-terminal domains with its adenosine diphosphate portion interacting extensively with the other subunit of the molecule. The flavin ring of FAD resides at the active site with its si-face attached to the beta-domain, and is surrounded by active-site residues in a mode similar to that found in MCAD. However, the residues have weak interactions with the flavin ring due to the loss of some of the important hydrogen bonds with the flavin ring found in MCAD. The catalytic residue Glu421 in the C-terminal alpha-domain seems to be too far away from the flavin ring to abstract the alpha-proton of the substrate acyl-CoA, suggesting that the C-terminal domain moves to close the active site upon substrate binding. The pyrimidine moiety of flavin is exposed to the solvent and can readily be attacked by molecular oxygen, while that in MCAD is protected from the solvent. The crevice for binding the fatty acyl chain is 28 A long and 6 A wide, large enough to accommodate the C23 acyl chain.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Sugimoto, Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka 558-8585, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
acyl-CoA oxidase
A, B
661Rattus norvegicusGene Names: Acox1 (Acox)
EC: 1.3.3.6
Find proteins for P07872 (Rattus norvegicus)
Go to UniProtKB:  P07872
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.260 
  • R-Value Work: 0.209 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 72.030α = 90.00
b = 91.501β = 90.00
c = 214.477γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
SOLVEphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-04-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance