Crystal structure of archaeosine tRNA-guanine transglycosylase.Ishitani, R., Nureki, O., Fukai, S., Kijimoto, T., Nameki, N., Watanabe, M., Kondo, H., Sekine, M., Okada, N., Nishimura, S., Yokoyama, S.
(2002) J.Mol.Biol. 318: 665-677
- PubMed: 12054814
- DOI: 10.1016/S0022-2836(02)00090-6
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1IT7, 1IT8
- PubMed Abstract:
Archaeosine tRNA-guanine transglycosylase (ArcTGT) catalyzes the exchange of guanine at position 15 in the D-loop of archaeal tRNAs with a free 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine (preQ(0)) base, as the first step in the biosynthesis of an archaea-specific modifi ...
Archaeosine tRNA-guanine transglycosylase (ArcTGT) catalyzes the exchange of guanine at position 15 in the D-loop of archaeal tRNAs with a free 7-cyano-7-deazaguanine (preQ(0)) base, as the first step in the biosynthesis of an archaea-specific modified base, archaeosine (7-formamidino-7-deazaguanosine). We determined the crystal structures of ArcTGT from Pyrococcus horikoshii at 2.2 A resolution and its complexes with guanine and preQ(0), at 2.3 and 2.5 A resolutions, respectively. The N-terminal catalytic domain folds into an (alpha/beta)(8) barrel with a characteristic zinc-binding site, showing structural similarity with that of the bacterial queuosine TGT (QueTGT), which is involved in queuosine (7-[[(4,5-cis-dihydroxy-2-cyclopenten-1-yl)-amino]methyl]-7-deazaguanosine) biosynthesis and targets the tRNA anticodon. ArcTGT forms a dimer, involving the zinc-binding site and the ArcTGT-specific C-terminal domain. The C-terminal domains have novel folds, including an OB fold-like "PUA domain", whose sequence is widely conserved in eukaryotic and archaeal RNA modification enzymes. Therefore, the C-terminal domains may be involved in tRNA recognition. In the free-form structure of ArcTGT, an alpha-helix located at the rim of the (alpha/beta)(8) barrel structure is completely disordered, while it is ordered in the guanine-bound and preQ(0)-bound forms. Structural comparison of the ArcTGT.preQ(0), ArcTGT.guanine, and QueTGT.preQ(1) complexes provides novel insights into the substrate recognition mechanisms of ArcTGT.
Department of Biophysics and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.