1IDX

Structural Basis for Poor Excision from Hairpin DNA: NMR Study


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with acceptable covalent geometry,structures with favorable non-bond energy,structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for poor uracil excision from hairpin DNA. An NMR study.

Ghosh, M.Rumpal, N.Varshney, U.Chary, K.V.

(2002) Eur.J.Biochem. 269: 1886-1894

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Two-dimensional NMR and molecular dynamics simulations have been used to determine the three-dimensional structures of two hairpin DNA structures: d-CTAGAG GATCCUTTTGGATCCT (abbreviated as U1-hairpin) and d-CTAGAGGATCCTTUTGGATCCT (abbreviated as U3-h ...

    Two-dimensional NMR and molecular dynamics simulations have been used to determine the three-dimensional structures of two hairpin DNA structures: d-CTAGAG GATCCUTTTGGATCCT (abbreviated as U1-hairpin) and d-CTAGAGGATCCTTUTGGATCCT (abbreviated as U3-hairpin). The 1H resonances of both of these hairpin structures have been assigned almost completely. NMR restrained molecular dynamics and energy minimization procedures have been used to describe the three-dimensional structures of these hairpins. This study and concurrent NMR structural studies on two other d-CTAGAGGA TCCTUTTGGATCCT (abbreviated as U2-hairpin) and d-CTAGAGGATCCTTTUGGATCCT (abbreviated as U4-hairpin) have shed light upon various interactions reported between Echerichia coli uracil DNA glycosylase (UDG) and uracil-containing DNA. The backbone torsion angles, which partially influence the local conformation of U12 and U14 in U1 and U3-hairpins, respectively, are probably locked in the trans conformation as in the case of U13 in the U2-hairpin. Such a stretched-out backbone conformation in the vicinity of U12 and U14 is thought to be the reason why the Km value is poor for U1- and U3-hairpins as it is for the U2-hairpin. Furthermore, the bases U12 and U14 in both U1- and U3-hairpins adopt an anti conformation, in contrast with the base conformation of U13 in the U2-hairpin, which adopts a syn conformation. The clear discrepancy observed in the U-base orientation with respect to the sugar moieties could explain why the Vmax value is 10- to 20-fold higher for the U1- and U3-hairpins compared with the U2-hairpin. Taken together, these observations support our interpretation that the unfavourable backbone results in a poor Km value, whereas the unfavourable nucleotide conformation results in a poor Vmax value. These two parameters therefore make the U1- and U3-hairpins better substrates for UDG compared with the U2-hairpin, as reported earlier [Kumar, N. V. & Varshney, U. (1997) Nucleic Acids Res. 25, 2336-2343.].


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemical Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai, India.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-D(*AP*GP*GP*AP*TP*CP*CP*TP*TP*UP*TP*GP*GP*AP*TP*CP*CP*T)-3'A18N/A
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 200 
  • Conformers Submitted: 
  • Selection Criteria: structures with acceptable covalent geometry,structures with favorable non-bond energy,structures with the least restraint violations,structures with the lowest energy 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2002-05-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance