1IB6

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF R153C E. COLI MALATE DEHYDROGENASE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural Analyses of a Malate Dehydrogenase with a Variable Active Site

Bell, J.K.Yennawar, H.P.Wright, S.K.Thompson, J.R.Viola, R.E.Banaszak, L.J.

(2001) J Biol Chem 276: 31156-31162

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M100902200
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1IB6, 1IE3

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Malate dehydrogenase specifically oxidizes malate to oxaloacetate. The specificity arises from three arginines in the active site pocket that coordinate the carboxyl groups of the substrate and stabilize the newly forming hydroxyl/keto group during c ...

    Malate dehydrogenase specifically oxidizes malate to oxaloacetate. The specificity arises from three arginines in the active site pocket that coordinate the carboxyl groups of the substrate and stabilize the newly forming hydroxyl/keto group during catalysis. Here, the role of Arg-153 in distinguishing substrate specificity is examined by the mutant R153C. The x-ray structure of the NAD binary complex at 2.1 A reveals two sulfate ions bound in the closed form of the active site. The sulfate that occupies the substrate binding site has been translated approximately 2 A toward the opening of the active site cavity. Its new location suggests that the low catalytic turnover observed in the R153C mutant may be due to misalignment of the hydroxyl or ketone group of the substrate with the appropriate catalytic residues. In the NAD.pyruvate ternary complex, the monocarboxylic inhibitor is bound in the open conformation of the active site. The pyruvate is coordinated not by the active site arginines, but through weak hydrogen bonds to the amide backbone. Energy minimized molecular models of unnatural analogues of R153C (Wright, S. K., and Viola, R. E. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 31151-31155) reveal that the regenerated amino and amido side chains can form favorable hydrogen-bonding interactions with the substrate, although a return to native enzymatic activity is not observed. The low activity of the modified R153C enzymes suggests that precise positioning of the guanidino side chain is essential for optimal orientation of the substrate.


    Related Citations: 
    • ALTERATION OF THE SPECIFICITY OF MALATE DEHYDROGENASE BY CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF AN ACTIVE SITE ARGININE
      Kirk, S.K., Viola, R.E.
      () To be published --: --

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MALATE DEHYDROGENASEABCD312Escherichia coliMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: mdh
EC: 1.1.1.37
Find proteins for P61889 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P61889 
Go to UniProtKB:  P61889
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAD
Query on NAD

Download CCD File 
A, C, D
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

Download CCD File 
A, C, D
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.244 
  • R-Value Work: 0.192 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.192 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 148.14α = 90
b = 53.08β = 95.26
c = 164.29γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
AMoREphasing
CNSrefinement
CrystalCleardata reduction
CrystalCleardata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-09-19
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance