1I10

HUMAN MUSCLE L-LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE M CHAIN, TERNARY COMPLEX WITH NADH AND OXAMATE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for altered activity of M- and H-isozyme forms of human lactate dehydrogenase.

Read, J.A.Winter, V.J.Eszes, C.M.Sessions, R.B.Brady, R.L.

(2001) Proteins 43: 175-185

  • DOI: 10.1002/1097-0134(20010501)43:2<175::aid-prot1029>3.0.co;2-#
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1I10, 1I0Z

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) interconverts pyruvate and lactate with concomitant interconversion of NADH and NAD(+). Although crystal structures of a variety of LDH have previously been described, a notable absence has been any of the three known huma ...

    Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) interconverts pyruvate and lactate with concomitant interconversion of NADH and NAD(+). Although crystal structures of a variety of LDH have previously been described, a notable absence has been any of the three known human forms of this glycolytic enzyme. We have now determined the crystal structures of two isoforms of human LDH-the M form, predominantly found in muscle; and the H form, found mainly in cardiac muscle. Both structures have been crystallized as ternary complexes in the presence of the NADH cofactor and oxamate, a substrate-like inhibitor. Although each of these isoforms has different kinetic properties, the domain structure, subunit association, and active-site regions are indistinguishable between the two structures. The pK(a) that governs the K(M) for pyruvate for the two isozymes is found to differ by about 0.94 pH units, consistent with variation in pK(a) of the active-site histidine. The close similarity of these crystal structures suggests the distinctive activity of these enzyme isoforms is likely to result directly from variation of charged surface residues peripheral to the active site, a hypothesis supported by electrostatic calculations based on each structure. Proteins 2001;43:175-185.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TD, United Kingdom.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
L-LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE M CHAINABCDEFGH331Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LDHAPIG19
EC: 1.1.1.27
Find proteins for P00338 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00338 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00338
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS  P00338
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAI
Query on NAI

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
1,4-DIHYDRONICOTINAMIDE ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H29 N7 O14 P2
BOPGDPNILDQYTO-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
OXM
Query on OXM

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
OXAMIC ACID
C2 H3 N O3
SOWBFZRMHSNYGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
OXMKi:  136000   nM  BindingDB
OXMKi:  138000   nM  BindingDB
OXMIC50:  80000   nM  BindingDB
OXMIC50:  57200   nM  BindingDB
OXMKi:  26000   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.257 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.200 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 64.942α = 90
b = 158.542β = 90
c = 266.226γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-03-28
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2014-11-12
    Changes: Structure summary