1HYE

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF THE MJ0490 GENE PRODUCT, THE FAMILY OF LACTATE/MALATE DEHYDROGENASE, DIMERIC STRUCTURE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of the MJ0490 gene product of the hyperthermophilic archaebacterium Methanococcus jannaschii, a novel member of the lactate/malate family of dehydrogenases.

Lee, B.I.Chang, C.Cho, S.J.Eom, S.H.Kim, K.K.Yu, Y.G.Suh, S.W.

(2001) J.Mol.Biol. 307: 1351-1362

  • DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.4532
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1HYG

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The MJ0490 gene, one of the only two genes of Methanococcus jannaschii showing sequence similarity to the lactate/malate family of dehydrogenases, was classified initially as coding for a putative l-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). It has been re-classif ...

    The MJ0490 gene, one of the only two genes of Methanococcus jannaschii showing sequence similarity to the lactate/malate family of dehydrogenases, was classified initially as coding for a putative l-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). It has been re-classified as a malate dehydrogenase (MDH) gene, because it shows significant sequence similarity to MT0188, MDH II from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum strain DeltaH. The three-dimensional structure of its gene product has been determined in two crystal forms: a "dimeric" structure in the orthorhombic crystal at 1.9 A resolution and a "tetrameric" structure in the tetragonal crystal at 2.8 A. These structures share a similar subunit fold with other LDHs and MDHs. The tetrameric structure resembles typical tetrameric LDHs. The dimeric structure is equivalent to the P-dimer of tetrameric LDHs, unlike dimeric MDHs, which correspond to the Q-dimer. The structure reveals that the cofactor NADP(H) is bound at the active site, despite the fact that it was not intentionally added during protein purification and crystallization. The preference of NADP(H) over NAD(H) has been supported by activity assays. The cofactor preference is explained by the presence of a glycine residue in the cofactor binding pocket (Gly33), which replaces a conserved aspartate (or glutamate) residue in other NAD-dependent LDHs or MDHs. Preference for NADP(H) is contributed by hydrogen bonds between the oxygen atoms of the monophosphate group and the ribose sugar of adenosine in NADP(H) and the side-chains of Ser9, Arg34, His36, and Ser37. The MDH activity of MJ0490 is made possible by Arg86, which is conserved in MDHs but not in LDHs. The enzymatic assay showed that the MJ0490 protein possesses the fructose-1,6-bisphosphate-activated LDH activity (reduction). Thus the MJ0490 gene product appears to be a novel member of the lactate/malate dehydrogenase family, displaying an LDH scaffold and exhibiting a relaxed substrate and cofactor specificities in NADP(H) and NAD(H)-dependent malate and lactate dehydrogenase reactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-742, Korea.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
L-LACTATE/MALATE DEHYDROGENASE
A
313Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440)Gene Names: mdh (mdhB)
EC: 1.1.1.37, 1.1.1.82
Find proteins for Q60176 (Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (strain ATCC 43067 / DSM 2661 / JAL-1 / JCM 10045 / NBRC 100440))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q60176
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NAP
Query on NAP

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
NADP NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
2'-MONOPHOSPHOADENOSINE 5'-DIPHOSPHORIBOSE
C21 H28 N7 O17 P3
XJLXINKUBYWONI-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.228 
  • R-Value Work: 0.194 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 47.647α = 90.00
b = 125.101β = 90.00
c = 58.082γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
X-PLORphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
CNSrefinement
X-PLORmodel building

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-04-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance