Structural basis of drug resistance for the V82A mutant of HIV-1 proteinase.Baldwin, E.T., Bhat, T.N., Liu, B., Pattabiraman, N., Erickson, J.W.
(1995) Nat Struct Biol 2: 244-249
- PubMed: 7773792
- DOI: 10.1038/nsb0395-244
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
- Influence of Stereochemistry on Activity and Binding Modes for C2 Symmetry-Based Diol Inhibitors of HIV-1 Protease
Hosur, M.V., Bhat, T.N., Kempf, D.J., Baldwin, E.T., Liu, B., Gulnik, S., Wideburg, N.E., Norbeck, D.W., Appelt, K., Erickson, J.W.
(1994) J Am Chem Soc 116: 847
- Structure-Based Inhibitors of HIV-1 Protease
Wlodawer, A., Erickson, J.W.
(1993) Annu Rev Biochem 62: 543
A major problem in the development of antiviral therapies for AIDS has been the emergence of drug resistance. We report an analysis of the structure of a Val 82 to Ala mutant of HIV-1 proteinase complexed to A-77003, a C2 symmetry-based inhibitor. Mo ...
A major problem in the development of antiviral therapies for AIDS has been the emergence of drug resistance. We report an analysis of the structure of a Val 82 to Ala mutant of HIV-1 proteinase complexed to A-77003, a C2 symmetry-based inhibitor. Modelling studies predicted that the V82A mutation would result in decreased van der Waals' interactions with the phenyl rings of A-77003 in both S1 and S1' subsites. Unexpected rearrangements of the protein backbone, however, resulted in favourable re-packing of inhibitor and enzyme atoms in the S1 but not the S1' subsite. This analysis reveals the importance of enzyme flexibility in accommodating alternate packing arrangements, and can be applied to the re-design of inhibitors targeted to drug resistant variants which emerge in the clinic.
Frederick Biomedical Supercomputing Center, PRI/DynCorp, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Maryland 21702-1201, USA.