NMR characterization of clustered bistrand abasic site lesions: effect of orientation on their solution structure.Lin, Z., de los Santos, C.
(2001) J.Mol.Biol. 308: 341-352
- PubMed: 11327771
- DOI: 10.1006/jmbi.2001.4587
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1HT7
- PubMed Abstract:
A unique characteristic of ionizing radiation and radiomimetic anticancer drugs is the induction of clustered damage: two or more DNA lesions (oxidized bases, abasic sites, or strand breaks) occurring in the same or different strands of the DNA molec ...
A unique characteristic of ionizing radiation and radiomimetic anticancer drugs is the induction of clustered damage: two or more DNA lesions (oxidized bases, abasic sites, or strand breaks) occurring in the same or different strands of the DNA molecule within a single turn of the helix. In spite of arising at a lower frequency than single lesions, clustered DNA damage represents an exotic challenge to the repair systems present in the cells and, in some cases, these lesions may escape detection and/or processing. To understand the structural properties of clustered DNA lesions we have prepared two oligodeoxynucleotide duplexes containing adjacent tetrahydrofuran residues (abasic site analogues), positioned one in each strand of the duplex in a 5' or 3' orientation, and determined their solution structure by NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations. The NMR data indicate that both duplex structures are right-handed helices of high similarity outside the clustered damage site. The thermal stability of the duplexes is severely reduced by the presence of the abasic residues, especially in a 5' orientation where the melting temperature is 5 degrees C lower. The structures show remarkable differences at the lesion site where the extrahelical location of the tetrahydrofuran residues in the (AP)(2)-5'-staggered duplex contrasts with their smooth alignment along the sugar-phosphate backbone in the (AP)(2)-3'-staggered duplex.
Department of Pharmacological Sciences, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-8651, USA.