1HT0

HUMAN GAMMA-2 ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENSE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Three-dimensional structures of the three human class I alcohol dehydrogenases.

Niederhut, M.S.Gibbons, B.J.Perez-Miller, S.Hurley, T.D.

(2001) Protein Sci. 10: 697-706

  • DOI: 10.1110/ps.45001
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1HSO, 1HSZ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In contrast with other animal species, humans possess three distinct genes for class I alcohol dehydrogenase and show polymorphic variation in the ADH1B and ADH1C genes. The three class I alcohol dehydrogenase isoenzymes share approximately 93% seque ...

    In contrast with other animal species, humans possess three distinct genes for class I alcohol dehydrogenase and show polymorphic variation in the ADH1B and ADH1C genes. The three class I alcohol dehydrogenase isoenzymes share approximately 93% sequence identity but differ in their substrate specificity and their developmental expression. We report here the first three-dimensional structures for the ADH1A and ADH1C*2 gene products at 2.5 and 2.0 A, respectively, and the structure of the ADH1B*1 gene product in a binary complex with cofactor at 2.2 A. Not surprisingly, the overall structure of each isoenzyme is highly similar to the others. However, the substitution of Gly for Arg at position 47 in the ADH1A isoenzyme promotes a greater extent of domain closure in the ADH1A isoenzyme, whereas substitution at position 271 may account for the lower turnover rate for the ADH1C*2 isoenzyme relative to its polymorphic variant, ADH1C*1. The substrate-binding pockets of each isoenzyme possess a unique topology that dictates each isoenzyme's distinct but overlapping substrate preferences. ADH1*B1 has the most restrictive substrate-binding site near the catalytic zinc atom, whereas both ADH1A and ADH1C*2 possess amino acid substitutions that correlate with their better efficiency for the oxidation of secondary alcohols. These structures describe the nature of their individual substrate-binding pockets and will improve our understanding of how the metabolism of beverage ethanol affects the normal metabolic processes performed by these isoenzymes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5122, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
CLASS I ALCOHOL DEHYDROGENASE 3, GAMMA SUBUNIT
A, B
374Homo sapiensGene Names: ADH1C (ADH3)
EC: 1.1.1.1
Find proteins for P00326 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: ADH1C
Go to UniProtKB:  P00326
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAD
Query on NAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE
C21 H27 N7 O14 P2
BAWFJGJZGIEFAR-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 56.400α = 90.00
b = 71.500β = 102.90
c = 92.100γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
AMoREphasing
DENZOdata reduction
X-PLORrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2001-01-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-04-27
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance