1HMV

THE STRUCTURE OF UNLIGANDED REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE FROM THE HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.297 
  • R-Value Work: 0.254 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The structure of unliganded reverse transcriptase from the human immunodeficiency virus type 1.

Rodgers, D.W.Gamblin, S.J.Harris, B.A.Ray, S.Culp, J.S.Hellmig, B.Woolf, D.J.Debouck, C.Harrison, S.C.

(1995) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 92: 1222-1226


  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of the reverse transcriptase (RT) from the type 1 human immunodeficiency virus has been determined at 3.2-A resolution. Comparison with complexes between RT and the polymerase inhibitor Nevirapine [Kohlstaedt, L.A., Wang, J., Fr ...

    The crystal structure of the reverse transcriptase (RT) from the type 1 human immunodeficiency virus has been determined at 3.2-A resolution. Comparison with complexes between RT and the polymerase inhibitor Nevirapine [Kohlstaedt, L.A., Wang, J., Friedman, J.M., Rice, P.A. & Steitz, T.A. (1992) Science 256, 1783-1790] and between RT and an oligonucleotide [Jacobo-Molina, A., Ding, J., Nanni, R., Clark, A. D., Lu, X., Tantillo, C., Williams, R. L., Kamer, G., Ferris, A. L., Clark, P., Hizi, A., Hughes, S. H. & Arnold, E. (1993) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90, 6320-6324] reveals changes associated with ligand binding. The enzyme is a heterodimer (p66/p51), with domains labeled "fingers," "thumb," "palm," and "connection" in both subunits, and a ribonuclease H domain in the larger subunit only. The most striking difference between RT and both complex structures is the change in orientation of the p66 thumb (approximately 33 degrees rotation). Smaller shifts relative to the core of the molecule were also found in other domains, including the p66 fingers and palm, which contain the polymerase active site. Within the polymerase catalytic region itself, there are no rearrangements between RT and the RT/DNA complex. In RT/Nevirapine, the drug binds in the p66 palm near the polymerase active site, a region that is well-packed hydrophobic core in the unliganded enzyme. Room for the drug is provided by movement of a small beta-sheet within the palm domain of the Nevirapine complex. The rearrangement within the palm and thumb, as well as domain shifts relative to the enzyme core, may prevent correct placement of the oligonucleotide substrate when the drug is bound.


    Related Citations: 
    • Recombinant HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase: Purification, Primary Structure, and Polymerase(Slash)Ribonuclease H Activities
      Misrahi, V.,Lazarus, G.M.,Miles, L.M.,Meyers, C.A.,Debouck, C.
      (1989) Arch.Biochem.Biophys. 273: 347


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIV-1 REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE (SUBUNIT P66)
A, C, E, G
560Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype BGene Names: gag-pol
EC: 3.4.23.16, 3.1.-.-, 2.7.7.49, 2.7.7.7, 3.1.26.13, 2.7.7.-, 3.1.13.2
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B)
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
HIV-1 REVERSE TRANSCRIPTASE (SUBUNIT P51)
B, D, F, H
440Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype BGene Names: gag-pol
EC: 3.4.23.16, 3.1.-.-, 2.7.7.49, 2.7.7.7, 3.1.26.13, 2.7.7.-, 3.1.13.2
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B)
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
B, D, F, H
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.297 
  • R-Value Work: 0.254 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 168.700α = 90.00
b = 162.800β = 105.70
c = 331.800γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1995-03-31
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance