Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 30 

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This is version 1.4 of the entry. See complete history


DNA recognition by the oestrogen receptor: from solution to the crystal.

Schwabe, J.W.Chapman, L.Finch, J.T.Rhodes, D.Neuhaus, D.

(1993) Structure 1: 187-204

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0969-2126(93)90020-h
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The steroid/nuclear hormone receptors are a large family of conserved ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate gene expression through binding to response elements upstream of their target genes. Most members of this family bind to DNA as homodimers or heterodimers and recognize the sequence, spacing and orientation of the two half-sites of their response elements. The recognition and discrimination of the sequence and arrangements of these half-sites are mediated primarily by a highly conserved DNA-binding domain. Here we describe the DNA-binding properties of the isolated DNA-binding domain of the oestrogen receptor, the ERDBD, and its refined NMR structure. This domain is monomeric in solution, but two molecules bind cooperatively to specific DNA sequences; this cooperativity determines the arrangement of half-sites that is recognized by the ERDBD. The 10 carboxy-terminal residues and a region of 15 residues within the domain are disordered in the solution structure, yet are important for DNA binding. The cooperative nature of ERDBD binding to DNA is important. The previously-determined X-ray structure of the ERDBD dimer bound to DNA shows that the 15 internal residues disordered in solution make contact both with DNA and with the corresponding region of the other monomer. These results suggest that these residues become ordered during the process of binding to DNA, forming the dimer interface and thus contributing to the cooperative interaction between monomers.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 2QH, UK.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
HUMAN/CHICKEN ESTROGEN RECEPTOR76Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P03372 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P03372 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03372
PHAROS:  P03372
GTEx:  ENSG00000091831 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP03372
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
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Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A],
C [auth A]
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Submitted: 30 

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1995-11-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-24
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2022-02-23
    Changes: Database references, Derived calculations, Other
  • Version 1.4: 2024-05-22
    Changes: Data collection