1HBT

Human alpha-thrombin complexed with a peptidyl pyridinium methyl ketone containing bivalent inhibitor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.181 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Crystal structure of a peptidyl pyridinium methyl ketone inhibitor with thrombin.

Rehse, P.H.Steinmetzer, T.Li, Y.Konishi, Y.Cygler, M.

(1995) Biochemistry 34: 11537-11544

  • DOI: 10.1021/bi00036a029
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1HBT

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The crystal structure of a complex between a bivalent peptidyl pyridinium methyl ketone inhibitor and human alpha-thrombin has been solved and refined at 2.0 A to an R factor of 0.18. The inhibitor, (D)cyclohexylalanine-Pro-Arg-(CH2N+C5H4CH2CO)-(Gly)4-Asp- Tyr-Glu-Pro-Ile-Pro-Glu-Glu-Ala-cyclo-hexylalanine-(D)Glu (coded P596), which forms a reversible covalent complex with thrombin, is highly potent with a Ki = 4 ...

    The crystal structure of a complex between a bivalent peptidyl pyridinium methyl ketone inhibitor and human alpha-thrombin has been solved and refined at 2.0 A to an R factor of 0.18. The inhibitor, (D)cyclohexylalanine-Pro-Arg-(CH2N+C5H4CH2CO)-(Gly)4-Asp- Tyr-Glu-Pro-Ile-Pro-Glu-Glu-Ala-cyclo-hexylalanine-(D)Glu (coded P596), which forms a reversible covalent complex with thrombin, is highly potent with a Ki = 4.6 +/- 1.0 x 10(-14) M, lower than that of recombinant hirudin. The N-terminal, active-site-directed portion of the inhibitor is linked to the fibrinogen recognition exosite binding portion by a tetraglycine segment. The strong electron-withdrawing effect provided by the permanent positive charge on the pyridinium nitrogen makes the arginyl carbonyl carbon more susceptible to nucleophilic attack. In the crystal, a covalent P596-thrombin complex is observed. The electron density surrounding the active site portion and the pyridinium of the inhibitor is very well defined, clearly showing the existence of a covalent bond between the Ser195 O gamma and the now tetrahedral carbon of the inhibitor. The decreased binding ability of thrombin inhibitors containing N-terminal acetylation is discussed as is the effect of replacing the P3 (D)phenylalanine with (D)cyclohexylalanine. The electron density surrounding the remainder of the inhibitor is generally well defined, the exceptions being the C-terminal (D)Glu, the highly flexible tetraglycine linker, and some of the solvent-directed side chains.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


    Organizational Affiliation

    Biotechnology Research Institute, National Research Council of Canada, Montreal, Quebec.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-THROMBIN (SMALL SUBUNIT) L36Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: DKFZp470K2111F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
ALPHA-THROMBIN (LARGE SUBUNIT) H259Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: F2
EC: 3.4.21.5
Find proteins for P00734 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P00734 
Go to UniProtKB:  P00734
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
PHAROS:  P00734
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
P596 Inhibitor peptide I18N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
ALC
Query on ALC
IL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC9 H17 N O2ALA
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Work: 0.181 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.181 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.6α = 90
b = 72.2β = 100.4
c = 72.8γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1995-07-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-03
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Atomic model, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary, Version format compliance