1H1X

Sperm whale Myoglobin mutant T67R S92D


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.153 
  • R-Value Work: 0.119 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Engineering Peroxidase Activity in Myoglobin: The Haem Cavity Structure and Peroxide Activation in the T67R/S92D Mutant and its Derivative Reconstituted with Protohaemin-L-Histidine.

Roncone, R.Monzani, E.Murtas, M.Battaini, G.Pennati, A.Sanangelantoni, A.M.Zuccotti, S.Bolognesi, M.Casella, L.

(2004) Biochem.J. 377: 717

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20030863

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Atomic co-ordinates and structure factors for the T67R/S92D metMbCN mutant have been deposited with the Protein Data Bank, under accession codes 1h1x and r1h1xsf, respectively. Protein engineering and cofactor replacement have been employed as tools ...

    Atomic co-ordinates and structure factors for the T67R/S92D metMbCN mutant have been deposited with the Protein Data Bank, under accession codes 1h1x and r1h1xsf, respectively. Protein engineering and cofactor replacement have been employed as tools to introduce/modulate peroxidase activity in sperm whale Mb (myoglobin). Based on the rationale that haem peroxidase active sites are characterized by specific charged residues, the Mb haem crevice has been modified to host a haem-distalpropionate Arg residue and a proximal Asp, yielding the T67R/S92D Mb mutant. To code extra conformational mobility around the haem, and to increase the peroxidase catalytic efficiency, the T67R/S92D Mb mutant has been subsequently reconstituted with protohaem-L-histidine methyl ester, yielding a stable derivative, T67R/S92D Mb-H. The crystal structure of T67R/S92D cyano-metMb (1.4 A resolution; R factor, 0.12) highlights a regular haem-cyanide binding mode, and the role for the mutated residues in affecting the haem propionates as well as the neighbouring water structure. The conformational disorder of the haem propionate-7 is evidenced by the NMR spectrum of the mutant. Ligand-binding studies show that the iron(III) centres of T67R/S92D Mb, and especially of T67R/S92D Mb-H, exhibit higher affinity for azide and imidazole than wild-type Mb. In addition, both protein derivatives react faster than wild-type Mb with hydrogen peroxide, showing higher peroxidase-like activity towards phenolic substrates. The catalytic efficiency of T67R/S92D Mb-H in these reactions is the highest so far reported for Mb derivatives. A model for the protein-substrate interaction is deduced based on the crystal structure and on the NMR spectra of protein-phenol complexes.


    Related Citations: 
    • High-Resolution Crystal Structures of Distal Histidine Mutants of Sperm Whale Myoglobin
      Quillin, M.L.,Arduini, R.M.,Olson, J.S.,Phillips Jr, G.N.
      (1993) J.Mol.Biol. 234: 140


    Organizational Affiliation

    Dipartimento di Chimica Generale, Università di Pavia, Via Taramelli 12, 27100 Pavia, Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
MYOGLOBIN
A
154Physeter catodonGene Names: MB
Find proteins for P02185 (Physeter catodon)
Go to Gene View: MB
Go to UniProtKB:  P02185
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CYN
Query on CYN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CYANIDE ION
C N
XFXPMWWXUTWYJX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SO4
Query on SO4

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Download CCD File 
A
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
HEM
Query on HEM

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
PROTOPORPHYRIN IX CONTAINING FE
HEME
C34 H32 Fe N4 O4
KABFMIBPWCXCRK-RGGAHWMASA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.4 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.153 
  • R-Value Work: 0.119 
  • Space Group: P 6
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 90.524α = 90.00
b = 90.524β = 90.00
c = 45.129γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
AMoREphasing
SCALEPACKdata scaling
DENZOdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2003-10-23
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance