1GW6

STRUCTURE OF LEUKOTRIENE A4 HYDROLASE D375N MUTANT


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.174 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase: Selective Abrogation of Leukotriene B4 Formation by Mutation of Aspartic Acid 375

Rudberg, P.C.Tholander, F.Thunnissen, M.M.G.M.Samuelsson, B.Haeggstrom, J.Z.

(2002) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99: 4215

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.072090099
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    1GW6

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Leukotriene A4 (LTA4, 5S-trans-5,6-oxido-7,9-trans-11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid) hydrolase (LTA4H)/aminopeptidase is a bifunctional zinc metalloenzyme that catalyzes the final and rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of leukotriene B4 (LTB4, 5S,12R-dihydroxy-6,14-cis-8,10-trans-eicosatetraenoic acid), a classical chemoattractant and immune modulating lipid mediator ...

    Leukotriene A4 (LTA4, 5S-trans-5,6-oxido-7,9-trans-11,14-cis-eicosatetraenoic acid) hydrolase (LTA4H)/aminopeptidase is a bifunctional zinc metalloenzyme that catalyzes the final and rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of leukotriene B4 (LTB4, 5S,12R-dihydroxy-6,14-cis-8,10-trans-eicosatetraenoic acid), a classical chemoattractant and immune modulating lipid mediator. Two chemical features are key to the bioactivity of LTB4, namely, the chirality of the 12R-hydroxyl group and the cis-trans-trans geometry of the conjugated triene structure. From the crystal structure of LTA4H, a hydrophilic patch composed of Gln-134, Tyr-267, and Asp-375 was identified in a narrow and otherwise hydrophobic pocket, believed to bind LTA4. In addition, Asp-375 belongs to peptide K21, a previously characterized 21-residue active site-peptide to which LTA4 binds during suicide inactivation. In the present report we used site-directed mutagenesis and x-ray crystallography to show that Asp-375, but none of the other candidate residues, is specifically required for the epoxide hydrolase activity of LTA4H. Thus, mutation of Asp-375 leads to a selective loss of the enzyme's ability to generate LTB4 whereas the aminopeptidase activity is preserved. We propose that Asp-375, possibly assisted by Gln-134, acts as a critical determinant for the stereoselective introduction of the 12R-hydroxyl group and thus the biological activity of LTB4.


    Related Citations: 
    • Crystal Structure of Human Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase, a Bifunctional Enzyme in Inflammation
      Thunnissen, M.M.G.M., Nordlund, P.N., Haeggstrom, J.Z.
      (2001) Nat Struct Biol 8: 131

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Division of Chemistry II, Karolinska Institutet, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
LEUKOTRIENE A-4 HYDROLASEA610Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: LTA4HLTA4
EC: 3.3.2.6 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.11.4 (UniProt)
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P09960 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P09960 
Go to UniProtKB:  P09960
PHAROS:  P09960
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 5 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BES
Query on BES

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
B [auth A]2-(3-AMINO-2-HYDROXY-4-PHENYL-BUTYRYLAMINO)-4-METHYL-PENTANOIC ACID
C16 H24 N2 O4
VGGGPCQERPFHOB-RDBSUJKOSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
YB
Query on YB

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A]YTTERBIUM (III) ION
Yb
AWSFICBXMUKWSK-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
IMD
Query on IMD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]IMIDAZOLE
C3 H5 N2
RAXXELZNTBOGNW-UHFFFAOYSA-O
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
F [auth A]ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ACT
Query on ACT

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
External Ligand Annotations 
IDBinding Affinity (Sequence Identity %)
BESKd:  4630   nM  BindingDB
BESIC50:  10100   nM  BindingDB
BESKd:  2050   nM  BindingDB
BESIC50:  300   nM  BindingDB
BESIC50:  20000   nM  BindingDB
BESIC50:  4200   nM  BindingDB
BESIC50:  18010   nM  BindingDB
BESKd:  5150   nM  BindingDB
BESIC50:  500   nM  BindingDB
BESIC50:  4000   nM  BindingDB
BESKi:  320   nM  BindingDB
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.174 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.174 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 78.43α = 90
b = 87.06β = 90
c = 99.07γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
AMoREphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2003-03-06
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-05-08
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2018-01-17
    Changes: Data collection